Found 212 Articles for Computer Programming

What are Lists and Self-Organizing lists in compiler design?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 10:11:44
ListsIt is conceptually simplest and easy to implement a data structure for the symbol table in a linear list of records, as shown below −It can use an individual array to store the name and its associated information. New Names are inserted to the list in the order in which they are encountered. It can retrieve data about a name we search from the starting of the array up to the position marked by the pointer AVAILABLE which indicates the beginning of the empty portion of the array.When the name is placed, the associated data can be discovered in the ... Read More

How are access links and displays used to access non-local names?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 10:02:51
An access link is a pointer to each activation record that obtains a direct implementation of lexical scope for nested procedures. In other words, an access link is used to implement lexically scoped language. An “access line” can be required to place data required by the called procedure.An improved scheme for handling static links defined at various lexical levels is the usage of a data structure called display. A display is an array of pointers to the activation records. Display [0] contains a pointer to the activation record of the most recent activation of a procedure defined at lexical level ... Read More

What is Search Tree and Hash Tables in compiler design?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 10:03:11
Search TreeA more effective technique to symbol table organization is to add two link fields, LEFT and RIGHT, to every record. We use these fields to link the records into a binary search tree.This tree has the property that all names NAME (j) accessible from NAME (i) by following the link LEFT (i) and then following any sequence of links will precede NAME (i) in alphabetical order (symbolically, NAME (j) < NAME (i))Similarly, all names NAME (k) accessible starting with RIGHT (i) will have the property that NAME (i) < NAME (k). Thus, if we are searching for NAME and ... Read More

What is Types of Representative Scope Information?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 09:57:25
Representing scope information is a concept in which the scope of each variable name is preserved in the symbol table so that we can use the same name in different blocks and different locations. Representing name in symbol table along with an indicator of the block in which it appears.Suppose we have a variable name 'a' in block A and the same variable in block B. Suppose it can store 'a' in the symbol table without block information. In that case, it will only keep the first instance of 'a' which it encounters, hence to overcome this problem names are ... Read More

What is Representing Scope Information?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 09:54:11
Representing scope information is a concept in which the scope of each variable name is preserved in the symbol table so that we can use the same name in different blocks and different locations.Representing Scope Information involvesA lifetime of a variable in a particular block.Representing name in symbol table along with an indicator of the block in which it appears.Suppose we have a variable name 'a' in block A and the same variable in block B. Suppose we store 'a' in symbol table without block information. In that se, it will only keep the first instance of 'a' which it ... Read More

What is role of different data structures in compiler design?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 09:51:18
During compilation, the symbol table is searched each time an identifier is encountered. Data are added if a new name or new information about an existing name is find. Thus, in designing a symbol table structure, it would like a scheme that enables us to insert new entries and identify current entries in a table effectively.There are four symbol tables used in a data structure which are as follows −Lists− The simplest and clear to implement a data structure for a symbol is the linear list of records as displayed in the figure.It can use a single array or several ... Read More

What is Array Name Representation in Symbol Table?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 09:48:48
It is a data structure including data for each identifier, fields for the attribute of the identifier. The data structure enables us to find the data for each identifier fastly and to save or retrieve the information for that record quickly.The symbol table is searched each time a name is encountered in the source text. When a new name or new data about an existing name is found, the content of the symbol table modifies. Thus, the symbol table should have an effective structure for creating the data held in the table also for inserting new entries to the symbol ... Read More

What is Backpatching of Boolean Expressions and Control Statements in compiler design?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 09:43:57
The simplest way to execute syntax-directed translation is to use two passes. First, construct a syntax tree for the input and then walk the tree in depth-first order, completing the translations given in definition.The major issue with generating code for Boolean expression and flow of control statements in a single pass is that during a single pass we cannot understand the labels for which the control should goto at the time the jump statements are generated. It can get around this issue by making a sequence of branching statements with the targets of the jumps temporarily left undefined.Each such statement ... Read More

What is representation of fixed-length and variablelength array representation in the symbol table?

Ginni
Updated on 08-Nov-2021 04:37:11
Symbol Table is a data structure that supports an effective and efficient way of storing data about various names occurring in the source code. These names are used in the source code to identify the different program elements, like a variable, constants, procedures, and the labels of statements.The symbol table is searched each time a name is encountered in the source text. When a new name or new data about an existing name is found, the content of the symbol table modifies. Thus, the symbol table should have an effective structure for creating the data held in the table also ... Read More

What Information is Stored in the Symbol Table?

Ginni
Updated on 05-Nov-2021 12:19:50
The programming language will determine much of the information that is stored, but the target architecture will also influence what data is stored. Some assumptions about how to produce code can affect what value is stored in the table.When one considers the range of information that can be stored about identifiers, it seems logical to classify identifiers in terms of the constructs they represent. In other words, different data will need to be stored for constants, variables, procedures, enumeration, and type definition, and so on.ConstantsConstants are identifiers that define a permanent value that can never be changed. Since programmers will ... Read More
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