Found 203 Articles for Arduino

Arduino Uno vs STM32duino (Blue Pill)

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 31-Jul-2021 13:29:57
We will have a comparison of the specifications of Arduino Uno and the STM32 Blue Pill Board.Arduino UnoSTM32duino (Blue Pill)UnoSTM32 Blue PillGeneralDimensions2.08¨ x 0.9¨4¨ x 2.1¨Pricing$20-23$3-5ConnectivityI/O Pins1437PWM Pins615Analog In Pins610Analog Out Pins (DAC)--ComputingProcessorATMega328PSTM32F103C8T6Flash Memory32 kB64 kBSRAM2 kB20 kBEEPROM1 kB-Clock speed16 MHz72 MHzVoltage Level5V3.3VUSB ConnectivityStandard A/B USBMicro-USBCommunicationHardware Serial Ports13SPI SupportYes (1x)Yes (2x)CAN SupportNoYesI2C SupportYes (1x)Yes (2x)Apart from the details mentioned above, please note that STM32duino’s microcontroller is ARM Cortex M3 based. It is one of the most cost-effective boards out there, having better specs than Arduino Uno. It is growing in popularity, and for many, it is their first introduction to ... Read More

Arduino Uno vs Teensy

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 31-Jul-2021 13:26:47
We will have a comparison of the specifications of Arduino Uno and the Teensy 3.5 board.Arduino UnoTeensyPlease refer to the table below for the detailed comparison −UnoTeensy3.5GeneralDimensions2.7¨ x 2.1¨2.5¨ x 0.7¨Pricing$20-23$25-28ConnectivityI/O Pins1442PWM Pins620Analog Pins625ComputingProcessorATMega328PMK64FX512VMD12Flash Memory32 kB512 kBSRAM2 kB256 kBEEPROM1 kB4 kBClock speed16 MHz120 MHzVoltage Level5V3.3V (though all pins are 5V tolerant)USB ConnectivityStandard A/B USBMicro-USBCommunicationHardware Serial Ports16SPI SupportYes (1x)Yes (3x)CAN SupportNoYesI2C SupportYes (1x)Yes (3x)Apart from the points mentioned above, as you can see from Teensy 3.5’s visual, it has a builtin SD Card Holder. It also has a Cryptographic Acceleration Unit, Real Time Clock and CRC Computation Unit. Its microcontroller is ... Read More

Arduino Uno vs ESP32

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 31-Jul-2021 13:22:10
We will have a comparison of the specifications of Arduino Uno and the ESP32 DevKit v1 DOIT BoardArduino UnoESP32Please refer to the table below for the detailed comparison −UnoESP32GeneralDimensions2.7¨ x 2.1¨2¨ x 1.1¨Pricing$20-23$10-12ConnectivityI/O Pins1436PWM Pins616Analog Pins6Up to 18 *Analog Out Pins (DAC)2ComputingProcessorATMega328PXtensa Dual Core 32-bit LX6 microprocessorFlash Memory32 kB4 MBSRAM2 kB520 kBEEPROM1 kB-Clock speed16 MHzUpto 240 MHzVoltage Level5V3.3VUSB ConnectivityStandard A/B USBMicro-USBCommunicationHardware Serial Ports13SPI SupportYes (1x)Yes (4x)CAN SupportNoYesI2C SupportYes (1x)Yes (2x)Additional FeaturesWiFi-802.11 b/g/nBlueTooth-v4.2 BR/EDR and BLETouch Sensors-10CAM* Only 8 can be used along with WiFiThe above table itself would have driven home the point that ESP32 is hands-down much better than ... Read More

Arduino Uno vs Arduino Due

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 31-Jul-2021 13:18:35
We will have a comparison of the specifications of Arduino Uno and the Arduino Due BoardArduino UnoArduino DueUnoDueGeneralDimensions2.7¨ x 2.1¨4¨ x 2.1¨Pricing$20-23$40-42ConnectivityI/O Pins1454PWM Pins612Analog Pins612Analog Out Pins (DAC)-2ComputingProcessorATMega328PAT91SAM3X8EFlash Memory32 kB512 kBSRAM2 kB96 kB (split in two banks of 64 kB and 32 kB)EEPROM1 kB-Clock speed16 MHz84 MHzVoltage Level5V3.3VUSB ConnectivityStandard A/B USBMicro USBCommunicationHardware Serial Ports14SPI SupportYesYesI2C SupportYesYesNote that the Due board differs from other Arduino boards in terms of voltage level. The microcontroller in Arduino due runs at 3.3 V instead of 5 V (common in most other boards). If you connect a higher voltage to the pins, you may end ... Read More

Difference between hardware serial and software serial in Arduino

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 30-Jul-2021 16:48:28
A hardware serial, as the name suggests, denotes that a dedicated piece of hardware (UART) enables Serial communication. In Arduino Uno, for instance, pins 0 and 1 have UART support, and they are connected to the USB via a USB-to-UART converter. That facilitates communication between your computer/laptop and the Arduino. While Arduino Uno has a single Hardware Serial, other boards like Mega have multiple. They are accessed using Serial, Serial1, Serial2, and so on.You can have a look at an example of using Multiple Hardware Serials by going to File → Examples → Communication → MultiSerialSoftware serial is a library ... Read More

5 Arduino Project Problem Statements for Beginners

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 30-Jul-2021 15:12:31
If you are starting off with Arduino, then the following 5 projects can be taken up by you −7-segment display using ArduinoInterface a 7-segment display with Arduino and count from 0 to 9 on that display. This will help you get a good understanding of GPIOsAs a next step, you can interface Arduino with a potentiometer, and display the truncated voltage value (read using ADC) on the 7 segment display.Fire Alarm SystemInterface the Arduino with a smoke detector or a flame sensor and a buzzer to give a warning as soon as the readings from the smoke detector cross a ... Read More

Popular boards that can be programmed using Arduino IDE

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 30-Jul-2021 15:09:56
Here are some popular boards that can be programmed using Arduino IDE −ESP8266This board is used primarily for IoT applicationsIt has WiFi and BlueTooth capabilitiesTo make this compatible with Arduino IDE, the following JSON has to be added to File → Preferences → Additional Boards Manager URLs −Next, you need to go to Tools → Boards Manager, search for ESP8266 and install this board.ESP32This is an upgrade over ESP8266It comes with two cores (supporting dual core operation) and in general has superior specs over ESP32There are various variants of this board, some like the TTGO Board even having OLED, LoRa ... Read More

How to Use Word() Function in Arduino?

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 30-Jul-2021 15:08:15
The word() function converts a variable of any data type to the word data type. It is essentially a cast function.SyntaxThe syntax is −word(var)Where var is a variable of any datatype.Alternatively, you can also construct a word by specifying two bytes, the higher byte and the lower byte.SyntaxThe syntax is −word(highByte, lowByte)For instance, word(2,5) will return 517 (2 is 0b00000010 and 5 is 0b00000101; word(2,5) will return 0b0000001000000101, which equals 517).You can try out other combinations of characters and data types. You can read more about the word function from Arduino’s official documentation here.

What is a Word in Arduino?

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 30-Jul-2021 15:06:48
A word, very simply put, is an unsigned number of 2 bytes (or 16 bits). Thus, it can take in values from 0 to 65535.Note that this definition is very microcontroller specific. In pure terms, a word is the amount of data a machine can process at a time, and it depends on the specifications of the machine.For example, instead of Arduino Uno, if you use the ESP32 board, the word becomes a 32-bit unsigned int instead of 16-bit. This is because ESP32 has different specifications compared to Arduino Uno. int sizes on ESP32 are also larger than Arduino.So, the ... Read More

How to define a class in Arduino?

Yash Sanghvi
Updated on 30-Jul-2021 16:45:34
You can define a class in Arduino just like in C, with public and private variables and methods.The example below demonstrates the definition of a Student class, which has the constructor, two methods (add_science_marks and get_roll_no) and 3 private variables, _division, _roll_no and _science_marks.Exampleclass Student {    public:       Student(char division, int roll_no);       void add_science_marks(int marks);       int get_roll_no();    private:       char _division;       int _roll_no;       int _science_marks; }; Student::Student(char division, int roll_no){    _division = division;    _roll_no = roll_no; } void ... Read More
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