# Python - Augmented Addition Operator (+=)

This operator combines addition and assignment in one statement. Since Python supports mixed arithmetic, the two operands may be of different types. However, the type of left operand changes to the operand of on right, if it is wider.

Following examples will help in understanding how the "+=" operator works −

```a=10
b=5
print ("Augmented addition of int and int")
a+=b #equivalent to a=a+b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10
b=5.5
print ("Augmented addition of int and float")
a+=b #equivalent to a=a+b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10.50
b=5+6j
print ("Augmented addition of float and complex")
a+=b #equivalent to a=a+b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
```

It will produce the following output

```Augmented addition of int and int
a= 15 type(a): <class 'int'>
Augmented addition of int and float
a= 15.5 type(a): <class 'float'>
Augmented addition of float and complex
a= (15.5+6j) type(a): <class 'complex'>
```

## Python â€“ Augmented Subtraction Operator (-=)

Use -= symbol to perform subtract and assign operations in a single statement. The "a-=b" statement performs "a=a-b" assignment. Operands may be of any number type. Python performs implicit type casting on the object which is narrower in size.

```a=10
b=5
print ("Augmented subtraction of int and int")
a-=b #equivalent to a=a-b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10
b=5.5
print ("Augmented subtraction of int and float")
a-=b #equivalent to a=a-b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10.50
b=5+6j
print ("Augmented subtraction of float and complex")
a-=b #equivalent to a=a-b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
```

It will produce the following output

```Augmented subtraction of int and int
a= 5 type(a): <class 'int'>
Augmented subtraction of int and float
a= 4.5 type(a): <class 'float'>
Augmented subtraction of float and complex
a= (5.5-6j) type(a): <class 'complex'>
```

## Python â€“ Augmented Multiplication Operator (*=)

The "*=" operator works on similar principle. "a*=b" performs multiply and assign operations, and is equivalent to "a=a*b". In case of augmented multiplication of two complex numbers, the rule of multiplication as discussed in the previous chapter is applicable.

```a=10
b=5
print ("Augmented multiplication of int and int")
a*=b #equivalent to a=a*b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10
b=5.5
print ("Augmented multiplication of int and float")
a*=b #equivalent to a=a*b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=6+4j
b=3+2j
print ("Augmented multiplication of complex and complex")
a*=b #equivalent to a=a*b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
```

It will produce the following output

```Augmented multiplication of int and int
a= 50 type(a): <class 'int'>
Augmented multiplication of int and float
a= 55.0 type(a): <class 'float'>
Augmented multiplication of complex and complex
a= (10+24j) type(a): <class 'complex'>
```

## Python â€“ Augmented Division Operator (/=)

The combination symbol "/=" acts as divide and assignment operator, hence "a/=b" is equivalent to "a=a/b". The division operation of int or float operands is float. Division of two complex numbers returns a complex number. Given below are examples of augmented division operator.

```a=10
b=5
print ("Augmented division of int and int")
a/=b #equivalent to a=a/b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10
b=5.5
print ("Augmented division of int and float")
a/=b #equivalent to a=a/b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=6+4j
b=3+2j
print ("Augmented division of complex and complex")
a/=b #equivalent to a=a/b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
```

It will produce the following output

```Augmented division of int and int
a= 2.0 type(a): <class 'float'>
Augmented division of int and float
a= 1.8181818181818181 type(a): <class 'float'>
Augmented division of complex and complex
a= (2+0j) type(a): <class 'complex'>
```

## Python â€“ Augmented Modulus Operator (%=)

To perform modulus and assignment operation in a single statement, use the %= operator. Like the mod operator, its augmented version also is not supported for complex number.

```a=10
b=5
print ("Augmented modulus operator with int and int")
a%=b #equivalent to a=a%b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10
b=5.5
print ("Augmented modulus operator with int and float")
a%=b #equivalent to a=a%b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
```

It will produce the following output

```Augmented modulus operator with int and int
a= 0 type(a): <class 'int'>
Augmented modulus operator with int and float
a= 4.5 type(a): <class 'float'>
```

## Python â€“ Augmented Exponent Operator (**=)

The "**=" operator results in computation of "a" raised to "b", and assigning the value back to "a". Given below are some examples −

```a=10
b=5
print ("Augmented exponent operator with int and int")
a**=b #equivalent to a=a**b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10
b=5.5
print ("Augmented exponent operator with int and float")
a**=b #equivalent to a=a**b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=6+4j
b=3+2j
print ("Augmented exponent operator with complex and complex")
a**=b #equivalent to a=a**b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
```

It will produce the following output

```Augmented exponent operator with int and int
a= 100000 type(a): <class 'int'>
Augmented exponent operator with int and float
a= 316227.7660168379 type(a): <class 'float'>
Augmented exponent operator with complex and complex
a= (97.52306038414744-62.22529992036203j) type(a): <class 'complex'>
```

## Python â€“ Augmented Floor division Operator (//=)

For performing floor division and assignment in a single statement, use the "//=" operator. "a//=b" is equivalent to "a=a//b". This operator cannot be used with complex numbers.

```a=10
b=5
print ("Augmented floor division operator with int and int")
a//=b #equivalent to a=a//b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
a=10
b=5.5
print ("Augmented floor division operator with int and float")
a//=b #equivalent to a=a//b
print ("a=",a, "type(a):", type(a))
```

It will produce the following output

```Augmented floor division operator with int and int
a= 2 type(a): <class 'int'>
Augmented floor division operator with int and float
a= 1.0 type(a): <class 'float'>
```