Python and Ruby are similar and different in various aspects. In this tutorial, we are going to see the similarities and differences between Python and Ruby. Let's start by seeing what exactly they are.
Python is an interpreted, powerful, high-level and object-oriented programming language. It's easy to learn. Even a complete beginner can easily get started with Python.
Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented high-level programming language. The syntax of ruby seems to be completely different from Python and easy to learn.
Let's see some similarities between Python and Ruby.
Server-side scripting languages.
Used for web applications.
We can work on multiple platforms with both of them.
Easily learn and readable.
Let's see the main differences between Python and Ruby.
|It supports writing functions||It doesn't support writing functions|
|Web frameworks like Django, Flask, Bottle, etc..,||Web frameworks like Ruby on Rail, Hanami, Sinatra, etc..,|
|Python doesn't support mixins||Ruby supports mixins|
|It will use as much as memory as it wants to store a variable||If once a variable set, we can't reset it|
|Supports multiple Inheritance||It supports only single inheritance|
|It's not a fully object-oriented programming language||It's a fully object-oriented programming language|
|Built-in classes can't be modified||Built-in classes can be modified|
|It supports tuples||It doesn't support tuples|
|It doesn't have switch statements||It has switch statements|
|It has large number of libraries||It has less number of libraries compared to Python|
|Multiple IDEs support Python||EclipseIDE supports Ruby|
|Only single line of lambda functions are supported||Large lambda functions are supported|
|Main applications are in academia and Linux||Main application is in web|
If you take any programming language, you will find its pros and cons. We have to choose programming languages based on our requirement.