Python vs Ruby

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Python and Ruby are similar and different in various aspects. In this tutorial, we are going to see the similarities and differences between Python and Ruby. Let's start by seeing what exactly they are.

Python is an interpreted, powerful, high-level and object-oriented programming language. It's easy to learn. Even a complete beginner can easily get started with Python.

Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented high-level programming language. The syntax of ruby seems to be completely different from Python and easy to learn.

Let's see some similarities between Python and Ruby.

  • High-level languages.

  • Server-side scripting languages.

  • Used for web applications.

  • We can work on multiple platforms with both of them.

  • Easily learn and readable.

Let's see the main differences between Python and Ruby.

It supports writing functionsIt doesn't support writing functions
Web frameworks like Django, Flask, Bottle, etc..,Web frameworks like Ruby on Rail, Hanami, Sinatra, etc..,
Python doesn't support mixinsRuby supports mixins
It will use as much as memory as it wants to store a variableIf once a variable set, we can't reset it
Supports multiple InheritanceIt supports only single inheritance
It's not a fully object-oriented programming languageIt's a fully object-oriented programming language
Built-in classes can't be modifiedBuilt-in classes can be modified
It supports tuplesIt doesn't support tuples
It doesn't have switch statementsIt has switch statements
It has large number of librariesIt has less number of libraries compared to Python
Multiple IDEs support PythonEclipseIDE supports Ruby
Only single line of lambda functions are supportedLarge lambda functions are supported
Main applications are in academia and LinuxMain application is in web


If you take any programming language, you will find its pros and cons. We have to choose programming languages based on our requirement.

Updated on 24-Apr-2020 12:18:22