Prejudice and Discrimination

Sometimes people confuse prejudice with discrimination because they are closely tied to one another, and though they are distinct from one another and have various meanings. A prejudice is a bias that develops through time and is held either against it or in favor of a certain group of people or an object. However, when we talk about racism, we talk about how we treat these objects and individuals. Because we dislike somebody else, we have strong preconceived notions about it or him and may even begin to treat him unfairly. Humans are born with a bias towards some groups.

What do Prejudice and Discrimination Describe?

Prejudice might be defined as an irrational and often hostile attitude against a certain group of people. Prejudice often manifests itself in the form of unfavorable attitudes toward the members of the group, a reliance on negative stereotypes, and an unwillingness to tolerate differences. This may result from a person's gender, color, religion, sexuality, nation, social background, or religious beliefs. Negative assumptions and treatment are common outcomes of prejudice. An individual's views and attitudes toward other persons and groups will develop in response to his or her upbringing in a socially divided environment.

Fortunately, some disparities and limits are more widely recognized and acknowledged in today's digital era. This does not mean that biases will never completely disappear. The biases people hold on the inside leak out into their interactions with the outside world via their words, deeds, and attitudes. Our collective biases are something we should all acknowledge. An outward manifestation of bias, discrimination may be seen as an expression of bigotry. Prejudice towards a class's most popular student manifests itself in hostile interactions with him and other students. Bias is referred to in these deeds. Discrimination is an act of intolerance. Racism because of someone's skin tone has been around since the dawn of human society. Many protests and battles for equality have directly resulted from this issue.

Difference between Prejudice and Discrimination

The following table describes the major differences between prejudice and discrimination

Prejudice Discrimination
To have an unreasonable as well as irrational opinion about someone based solely on his or her position in a friendship system is to be prejudiced. An entity is discriminated against if they are treated unfairly by others because of its membership in a certain social group
A misunderstanding exists only in one's head Discriminatory language
Believes Activities
A feeling of hostility against someone or something. The unjust treatment of a person or party
No countermeasures may be done. possible countermeasures

Examples of Discrimination

  • From 1947 until 1993, South Africa imposed a method of racial separation known as apartheid. Non-whites were denied the right to vote and forced to live in ghettos. During WWII, Jews throughout Germany and territories under Nazi authority were required to carry yellow stars to designate themselves as such. At a later date, the Nazis rounded up the Jews and sent them to death camps.

  • It is common knowledge that women face discrimination in the job in Western nations, but males also face it at residence and in the domestic circle. In contrast, women are far more likely to be awarded full custody of their kids after marriage than males. In speaking, women make less money than men for the same work.

Other Major Differences between Prejudice and Discrimination

  • An illogical dislike of someone just because of his or her position inside a social circle is prejudice. Issues about when one group of individuals treats another set of individuals unfairly or negatively since they belong to a certain class, club, or classification.

  • Nevertheless, discrimination is when people are treated unfairly because of who they are. Segregation is the unequal treatment of one group of people by another community.

  • Mentally-based bias exists except in the head. On the other side, discriminating refers to actively putting one's prejudices into practice.

  • Prejudice is the automatic and unjustifiable application of one's preconceived notions, values, and standards to others without giving them the benefit of the doubt. Contrarily, discrimination includes the implementation of such thoughts and beliefs.

  • Insufficient knowledge, education, misunderstanding, and stereotypes are the root causes of prejudice. Prejudice, on the other hand, can only ever result in segregation.

  • While discrimination may be commonly misunderstood, prejudice always operates unconsciously.

  • Prejudice is analyzed using both the mental and emotional aspects of attitude. However, discrimination may be shown in one's actions toward everyone else or the psychological approach.

  • While prejudice cannot be legally challenged in court, discriminating may

Effects of Prejudice and Discrimination

Observation by Minard

Researchers in the state's south studied the depends on various factors and activities of black and white mining in a small community. Seventy percent of white miners reported being cordial with black mining beneath the surface when such conduct was more often seen as the standard. This fell to 10 below underground, away from the context of white society's widespread racism against black people.

Observation by Pettigrew

He looked into the hypothesis that conformists would also be biased and discovered this was the case among white pupils in South Africa. Therefore, he explained why there is more racism towards black people in the south of the nation than those in the north by pointing to the region's broader acceptance of racism.

Evaluation by Other Scientists

Therefore, compliance with society's standards may explain bias in certain situations. Nevertheless, because social standards shift over time, this will only go so far in describing bias.


In summary, bias is forming a judgment about somebody without all the information. An individual's inner emotions and feelings may not necessarily translate into the habit, unlike the more obvious example of racism, which involves treating people differently because of their emotions and inclinations. All of those are examples of widespread antisocial conduct around the globe, potentially exacerbating existing tensions and even damaging the targeted community.

Updated on: 27-Dec-2022


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