Peace Studies as a Transdisciplinary Project

Individual well-being requires peace. Peace is an essential component of regular social life and relationships. The smooth, faultless tenor of man's existence is lost when peace is gone. When serenity is lost, man's equanimity suffers, if not entirely disappears. Uncertainty grows, uncertainty in man's ability to deal with life's difficulties rears its ugly head, and social connections become clouded with uneasiness.

It is not unexpected to see troubled men pleading for peace of mind and people, in general, wishing for the return of calm as soon as possible if war breaks out. All of this demonstrates that peace is necessary for both the individual's personal life and societal relationships.

What is Peace?

Despite the need for peace for a regular and ordered human existence, historical works have typically assumed it. In historical literature, peace is not glorified. The disruption of peace and the launching of war have been highlighted throughout history. As a result, violence attracts the attention of historians; violent battles become themes of study in history, and heroic exploits are reported and replayed in historical records. The historical record is often published as a chronicle of empires' growth and fall, a history of reigns, wars, conflicts, and military and political upheavals.

The crucial truth is that the bonding activities that prevent society from breaking apart are vital to the production and restoration of every society lost sight of. The chores of daily living are based on these bonding activities. Moreover, everyday life is centred around raising and feeding families, organising production and addressing human needs, which are punctuated with feasts and celebrations of human creativity in poetry, music, dance, and art. It also includes assisting and being assisted by others in times of need.

Peace Studies

The academic field of Peace Studies aspires to lay the theoretical groundwork for resolving local, national, and international disputes' peacefulness. Patterns of structural, cultural, and individual support for violence give rise to acts of direct violence. Therefore, the end of violent disputes is not sufficient for lasting peace; instead, it must be accompanied by the development of cooperative institutions, innovative cultures, & interpersonal skills for resolving disputes.

Research can be viewed as a discipline. Tranquillity studies are an integral part of almost every academic field. However, it is of the utmost importance that long-term peace-building tactics need that information from multiple sources to be pieced together. The field of Peace research, like any other, must constantly draw on and incorporate the findings of related fields. However, other fields require the peace research field's guidance on how the Peace research component of their field fits into a broader, more comprehensive picture.

Are studies of peace and conflict a legitimate academic field?

The study of peace and how it can be reached and maintained falls under peace studies, a multidisciplinary subject of study. Political, sociology, anthropology, economics, cognitive science, & history are just some of the academic fields mined for information to form a fuller picture of the contexts & dynamics that give rise to war and violence, as well as how these problems might be mitigated.

Security is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon that cannot be comprehended from a single disciplinary or theoretical standpoint, & hence Peace studies take a transdisciplinary approach. It aims to achieve a more all-encompassing and nuanced view of peace by integrating information & methodologies from other fields. This perspective acknowledges that Peace is tied to social and economic justice, equality, & respect for human rights, not only the absence of dispute or violence.

In order to achieve their overarching goal of promoting a culture of peace, Peace scholars aim to inspire students to think critically and take an active role in peace-building & dispute resolution. Identifying and addressing the underlying causes of the violence & dispute is an essential part of this process. Scholars and practitioners of Peace Studies investigate and analyse the cultural and psychological components of peace and violence and the political, economic, & social contributing factors to conflict. The study of dispute resolution and violence prevention is another vital component of Peace studies. Diplomacy, peacekeeping, and peaceful dispute resolution all fall under this umbrella. Restorative justice, mediation, & discussion are only a few nonviolent conflict resolution strategies that peace studies investigate.

A dedication to human rights and social justice is essential to the success of Peace studies. To achieve this goal, we must acknowledge the interdependence of peace, development, & human security & work toward a future in which everyone can do so in safety & dignity. Building bridges and encouraging cooperative and collaborative efforts toward peace is another goal of Tranquillity studies, which actively engages with civil society, the commercial sector, & international organisations.

Lastly, Peace studies acknowledge that peace is more than an abstract idea; it has practical consequences and necessitates participation and effort. Internships, study abroad opportunities, and other practical experiences in peace-building & dispute resolution are therefore commonly incorporated into peace studies curricula. This allows students to apply what they have learned in class to relevant situations outside the classroom.

Strategy and Implementation for Peace-building in Post-conflict Societies

In this process, Hon-Won Jeong's work is a comprehensive introduction to the discipline. After the Peace: Resistance & Reconciliation, edited by Robert Rothstein, sheds light on the problems that prompted peace-building efforts after armed conflicts. With the help of various case studies and inputs from eight other researchers, he illustrates his thesis that what matters most in a Peace process is what happens after an agreement is reached. Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan, in a speech delivered in Addis Ababa in February 2006, stressed the critical nature of post-dispute peace-building.

In a document for a meeting hosted by the International Peace Academy & WSP International (previously War Torn Societies Project), Necla Tschirgi outlined the ten "operational principles of post-dispute peace-building"

  • Political, Aspects of Social, Economic, and Legal Life.

  • Safety is paramount.

  • Requires an individualised strategy based on a prioritised list of goals in response to unique circumstances.

  • Participation and ownership of the process by the people of the war-torn society is essential.

  • It is essential to have the support of other actors, but processes must be put in place so that both external and internal actors are working within a consistent plan.

  • Investing in local capacity building early on is crucial.

  • Reconstruction is a long-term process that could take a generation. Therefore a quick response is essential.

  • An adequate, stable, & adaptable finance structure is required.

  • Help from all levels of society is needed during reconstruction.

  • Responsibility is a must. A firm resolve to "not harm" is required.


Research on Peace studies draws from many other academic disciplines to paint a more nuanced picture of peace & all its facets. Promoting a culture of peace, elucidating the conditions that give rise to conflict, & creating tactics for peace-building & dispute resolution are all goals of peace studies. This interdisciplinary field draws on the insights and methodologies of various academic fields. Peace studies provide a good foundation for creating a peaceful world with an emphasis on social justice, human rights, & active engageme

Updated on: 20-Feb-2023


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