What is the meaning of Symbiosis?

Term symbiosis refers to close and prolonged interaction between organisms of different species for the benefit of one or both organism. \r
There are several types of symbiosis based on the relation of benefit between organisms. Different types of symbiosis are:\r
• Commensalism\r
• Parasitism\r
• Mutualism\r
• Endosymbiosis and Ectosymbiosis\r
Commensalism is the mutual relationship where only one of the organisms gets benefits without harming the other organism during the relationship. It is a one-sided symbiotic relationship.\r
Example: Relationship between remora fish and large fishes. \r
In parasitism type of relationship, one organism benefits from the relationship by harming or damaging the other organism. \r
Example: Tapeworms residing inside their hosts consumes partially digested food, affecting the host.\r
Mutualism is a close relationship where both the organisms gets benefit with the relationship. \r
Example: Relationship of dog and human is the best example where the dogs provide protection and companionship and the humans provide food and shelter to dog.\r
Endosymbiosis is type of symbiosis where one species living inside another one.\r
Example: Protozoans living inside the termites, helps them in digesting wood.\r
Ectosymbiosis is type of symbiosis where one species living on the surface of the other species.\r
Example: Lice feed on the skin, blood, or oil secretions of the host harming them.\r


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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