What is destructive Distillation?

Destructive distillation is a  process by which organic substances such as coal is broken down by heat in the absence of air. This causes them to break down into solids, liquids, and gases, which are then used to make products such as coke, charcoal, Gas Carbon and ammonia.


  • Coke is obtained as a residue in the destructive distillation of coal. It can be classified as hard coke and soft coke. It is also used for various purposes such as smokeless fuel in smelting furnaces.
  • Charcoal is formed by destructive distillation of solid organic matter. The three main types of charcoal are wood charcoal, bone charcoal and sugar charcoal. Wood charcoal is a brittle, porous and bad conductor of heat and electricity. It is used as household fuel and a reducing agent.


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started