What is asexual reproduction in plants?

In asexual mode of reproduction, the male and female reproductive parts are not involved. Plants give rise to new plant by vegetative propagation or budding or fragmentation or apomixis. These new plants cannot produce fruits and seeds.

  • In vegetative propagation, new plants are developed from a portion of the main plant body. It can be reproduced by natural as well as artificial method of vegetative propagation. For example, natural propagation takes place in onion bulbs. Rose and banana are produced by artificial propagation.
  • In budding new plants grow from an outgrowth or bud of a plant body.
  • In fragmentation new plants are developed from fragments of the parent plant.
  • In Apomixis seeds are formed and the embryo is developed without the fusion of male and female gametes. Citrus trees commonly use this method of asexual reproduction by using their seeds.


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 30-Mar-2023


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