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What is a man-made fibre?
Synthetic fibres- These fibres are man-made fibres designed to make fabrics.
Examples: nylon and rayon.
Rayon was called artificial silk. Rayon was a less expensive alternative to silk clothing and accessories.
Rayon is the first man-made fibre. It is obtained by chemical treatment of wood pulp. So it is also known as a semi-synthetic fibre.
The first sample of nylon was produced on February 28, 1935, at DuPont's research facility at the DuPont Experimental Station. It had all the desired properties of elasticity and strength.
Advantages of Synthetic Fibre:
1. Synthetic fibres are strong so they can take up heavy things easily.
2. Synthetic fibres retain their original shape so it's easy to wash and wear.
3. Synthetic fibres are elastic in nature. They can easily be stretched out.
4. Synthetic fibres are generally soft so they are used in clothing materials.
5. Varieties of colours are available of Synthetic fibres.
6. Synthetic fibres are generally cheaper than natural fibres.
Disadvantages of Synthetic Fibres:
1. Synthetic fibres do not absorb moisture or sweat and traps the heat in our body, making it very hot.
2. Synthetic fibres may give the rough feel, making it unsuitable for pyjamas, underwear, etc.
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