What are the differences between Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy?

The differences between Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy are as follows:-

Basis for Comparison Kinetic Energy Potential Energy
Definition It is defined as the work needed to accelerate a body of a given mass from rest to its stated velocity. It is the stored energy in an object or system because of its position or configuration.
Transferability Kinetic energy can be transferred from one moving object to another, like in collisions. Potential Energy cannot be transferred.
Relation to environment Kinetic Energy of an object is relative to other moving and stationary objects in its immediate environment. Potential Energy is not relative to the environment of an object.
SI Unit Joule (J) Joule (J)
Determining Factors Speed/Velocity and mass Speed/Velocity and mass

K.E = $\displaystyle \frac{1}{2} \times $m.v$\displaystyle ^{2}$

P.E = mgh
Examples Flowing water, such as when falling from a waterfall. Water at the top of a waterfall, before the cliff.


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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