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What are the differences between Fat and Trans Fat? Which is healthy for us?
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients in the human diet, along with carbohydrates and proteins.
Fats are substances that help the body to process some vitamins such as A, D, E, and K, which are all fat-soluble, and keep the skin healthy, they are also the main way the body stores energy.
Fats are divided into four major groups:
1. Saturated fats. (Bad fats) Example- Coconut oil, palm oil, cheese.
2. Trans fats. (Bad fats) Example- Beef or Pork fat, cookies, french fries.
3. Monounsaturated fats. (Good fats) Example- Nuts (almond, cashew), Peanut butter, Avocado.
4. Polyunsaturated fats. (Good fats) Example- Salmon, Sardines, Walnut, Sunflower Oil.
Trans fat or Hydrogenated fat, also known as trans-unsaturated fatty acids or trans-fatty acids, are a form of unsaturated fat that occurs both natural and artificial forms in small amounts in meat and milk fat.
It has certain chemical properties and is usually found in processed foods such as baked goods, snack foods, fried foods, margarine, and certain vegetable oils.
Trans fats raise LDL "bad" cholesterol and they also lower HDL "good" cholesterol. Eating of trans fat increases blood cholesterol levels and the risk of cardiac disease.
Foods that primarily contain healthy fats tend to be liquid at room temperature.
Ex- Vegetable oil.
Foods that primarily contain bad types of fats tend to be solid at room temperature.
Ex- Butter, Margarine.
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