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What are prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells?
The word Prokaryotes is derived from two Greek words "pro" means before and "karyon" means the nut or kernel.
A prokaryote is a unicellular organism (single-celled). Prokaryotic cell lacks a true nucleus, mitochondria, and any other membrane-bound organelle.
Prokaryotes are further divided into, two domain Archaea and Bacteria.
Components of prokaryotic cells are:
1. Plasma membrane 2. Cytoplasm 3. DNA or RNA 4. Ribosomes
5. Cell Wall 6. Flagella 7. Fimbriae 8. Pili
The word Eukaryotes is derived from two Greek words “eu” means true, and "karyon" means the nut or kernel.
Eukaryote organisms are made up of cells that contain a nucleus and organelles which are surrounded by a plasma membrane and contain many different structures and organelles with a variety of functions.
The major groups of microorganisms (fungi, protozoa, and algae), and all plants and animals including humans, all belong to this group.
Components of eukaryotic cells are:
1. Plasma membrane 2. Cytoplasm 3. Nucleus 4.Ribosomes 5. Golgi apparatus
6. Chloroplasts 7. Mitochondria 8. Endoplasmic reticulum 9. Lysosome 10. Chromatin
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