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Name the part of the plant which produces food. Name the process.
Leaves are the part of the plant that produces food and is known as the food factory of the plant. The structure of a leaf is flat and broad to capture more sunlight for photosynthesis. Stomata allow absorption of CO2 and release of oxygen and also conduct evaporation of excess water by transpiration.
This process of preparing food using sunlight, chlorophyll, carbon dioxide, and water is known as photosynthesis.
1) Plants take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through the tiny pores known as stomata present on the surface of the leaves.
2) Plants absorb the water and minerals from the soil with the help of roots and transport them to the leaves of the plant, where the synthesis of food takes place.
3) The green pigment, chlorophyll, present in plant leaves, helps the leaves to capture sunlight. Sunlight is the source of energy to carry out photosynthesis.
4) In the presence of sunlight, chlorophyll acts on carbon dioxide, minerals, and water to produce carbohydrates. These carbohydrates are stored in the plant's leaves in the form of energy.
5) The process of photosynthesis also releases oxygen into the atmosphere. The reaction of the photosynthesis process is commonly written as:
6CO2 + 6H2O SunLight ----> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Carbon dioxide Water Chlorophyll Carbohydrates Oxygen]
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