How the fleece obtained from sheep is turned into wool?

Shearing is the first process to obtain wool from fleece in which the fleece of the sheep along with a thin layer of skin is removed from its body. 

Scouring is the second process in which the sheared skin with hair is thoroughly washed in tanks to remove grease, dust and dirt.

Sorting is the third process in which the hairy skin is sent to the factory where the hair of different textures is separated or sorted. 

Now, the small fluffy fibres, called burrs, are picked out from the hair and scoured again and dried, after which the wool is ready to be drawn into fibres.

As, the natural fleece of sheep and goat is mostly black, brown or white in colours they can be dyed in various colours.

After completing the dying process fibres are straightened combed and rolled into yarn, and the longer fibres are made into wool, and the shorter fibres are spun and woven into woollen cloth. 


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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