How do arrangement of molecules affect the state of a matter?

  •  Matter in the solid-state maintains a fixed volume and shape, with component particles (atoms, molecules or ions) close together and fixed into place, as the intermolecular forces are high.

  • Matter in the liquid state maintains a fixed volume but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are still close together but move freely, as their intermolecular forces are less than that in solids ut more than gases.

  • Matter in Gaseous state has no fixed volume, shape or size. Its particles are far apart and move freely and fill up the container in which they are kept. So the intermolecular forces are least in Gases.


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