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Classify the following salts into acidic, basic and neutral:
Ammonium chloride, Sodium carbonate, Sodium chloride, Potassium sulphate.
Salts can be classified in a variety of ways.
Salts that produce hydroxide ions when dissolved in water are called Basic salts. These are produced by the reaction of a strong base and weak acid. The pH is greater than 7.
Example: Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) is a basic salt.
Salts that produce H+ ions when dissolved in water making it acidic solutions are Acidic salts. These are produced by the reaction of strong acid and weak base. The pH is less than 7.
Example: Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) is an Acidic Salt.
Neutral salts are those salts that are neither acidic nor basic in nature. These are produced by the reaction of a strong base and strong acid. The pH is equal to 7, Hence they are neutral in nature.
Example: Sodium chloride ( NaCl ), Potassium sulphate (K2SO4) is a neutral salt.
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