Column IColumn II(i) Stomata(a) Absorption of water(ii) Xylem(b) Transpiration(iii) Root hairs(c) Transport of food(iv) Phloem(d) Transport of water(e) Synthesis of carbohydrates"">

Match structures given in Column I with functions given in Column II.
Column IColumn II
(i) Stomata(a) Absorption of water
(ii) Xylem(b) Transpiration
(iii) Root hairs(c) Transport of food
(iv) Phloem(d) Transport of water
(e) Synthesis of carbohydrates

Correct Answer: 

(i) Stomata       -  (b) Transpiration

(ii) Xylem         -  (d) Transport of water

(iii) Root hairs - (a) Absorption of water

(iv) Phloem      - (c) Transport of food


Water and dissolved minerals are absorbed by the root hair of a plant by the conducting tissue xylem, through a process known as diffusion.

The differences between the transport of materials in Xylem and Phloem are given below:

Transport of materials in XylemTransport of materials in Phloem
i> Xylem tissues helps in the transport of water and minerals.i> Phloem tissues helps in the transport of food and minerals.
ii> Water is transported upwards from roots to aerial parts of the plant.ii> Food is transported in both upward and downward directions.
iii> Transport in xylem requires forces such as transpiration pull.iii> Transport of food in phloem requires energy in the form of ATP.



Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 09-Jan-2023


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