Need For Hygiene and Sanitation


Hygiene and Sanitation are the two most important concepts and they are very essential in everyday life. It is important that one have to follow well hygiene and sanitation for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. It is important to maintain good personal hygiene and hand washing because it will help to prevent the spread of illness and diseases. Hygiene and sanitation is the most important because it helps during times of emergency and natural disaster.

What is Hygiene?

Hygiene refers to the science of health and how to maintain it. It can also be described as a practice or condition that prompts good health. This practice is mainly accepted for keeping the surroundings as well as oneself clean. It helps in preventing diseases or illnesses and here maintenance of personal hygiene is important.

Hygiene helps to overcome infectious diseases and gives a healthy, long-lasting life. It is a kind of practice that is maintained in daily lives for getting good health. There is the presence of two types of hygiene and they are −

  • Personal hygiene

  • Community hygiene

Figure 1: Personal Hygiene Habits

Personal hygiene is the type of hygiene that is maintained on a daily basis for maintaining a good healthy habit. . The practices include washing the hands after and before eating. It is also important to maintain regular toilet habits, brushing teeth, and bathing on a regular basis. It is necessary to wear clean and comfortable clothes and drink clean water. The practice can be effective by cooking in clean utensils and keeping the houses clean and insect free.

Community hygiene is another essential part of keeping the environment clean. The environment plays a vital role in keeping our lives healthy and some factors help in keeping the environment clean. They are −

  • Proper disposal of household wastes

  • Cleaning of roads and streets

  • Keeping houses clean

  • Spraying insecticides at regular intervals to ward off insects

  • Covering dustbins

What is Sanitation?

Sanitation is a kind of hygienic practice and it helps in promoting the good health of a human. It also means the prevention of hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater. It also means the provision of drinking clean water and safe disposal of human urine and faeces.

Sanitation can also be called the act or process of making sanitary. It is the condition of promotion of hygiene and prevention of disease with the maintenance of sanitary conditions. It involves the healthy environment and includes transportation, safe collection, treatment, and disposal of human wastes. There are several steps for this process like dry clean, pre-rinse, sanitize, and inspect.

Need of Hygiene

Figure 2: Good Hygiene Habits

WHO refers the hygiene as the conditions and practices that help maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases. It helps to maintain a quality of lifestyle and has importance in daily lifestyle. They are described below −

  • It is important for keeping the body clean.

  • Hygiene can help in shunning all practices that lead to bad health.

  • The adaptation of hygiene practice will improve the quality of life.

  • Personal hygiene is important because it will keep the body clean.

  • It can prevent regular disinfection and severe diseases.

  • Hygiene will keep lives healthy and protect humans from various diseases.

Need of Sanitation

Sanitation is a vital aspect and it is the prevention of various diseases of human beings. It is seen that the spreading of roundworms is a most common disease and it can be prevented through not defecating in the open. The disease can be completely eliminated by proper maintenance of sanitation practice.

Sanitation helps in promoting health and improves the quality of the environment. This is the process of maintaining the quality of life in a community. It is the disposal of human wastes, treatment, transportation, and safe collection. It is important because of the prevention of diseases maintenance of sanitary conditions.


Sanitation and hygiene both are concepts that lead to a healthy lifestyle. They are important parts of human lives and have the purpose of keeping humans safe. It is important that humans practice the habit of sanitation and hygiene for the improvement of their health. Both the practices have the ability to prevent various diseases caused by bad sanitation practice. Those processes are very essential and they lead human beings toward a good environment. The maintenance of a good habit on a daily basis improves the quality of life.


Q1. What is the importance of sanitation?

Ans. Sanitation is very essential for the development and survival of children. Sanitation is not only for the purpose of toilets but also it has important for other activities. The maintaining of proper hygiene gives the children the ability to fight against diseases and grow up healthy.

Q2. What are the five principles of Industrial Hygiene?

Ans. There are five principles for maintenance of industrial hygiene and they are recognition, anticipation, control, evaluation, and confirm. It includes anticipation of health hazards, recognition of health hazards, evaluation of exposure and things like this. There is control over worker exposure and confirmations of control measure in this part.

Q3. What are the types of personal hygiene?

Ans. Several types of hygiene help in maintaining good health and it is important for a healthy lifestyle. Teeth hygiene, nail hygiene, and hands hygiene are the most important types of hygiene. There are also several hygiene such as shower hygiene, toilet hygiene, and sickness hygiene.

Q4. What are the benefits of having good personal hygiene?

Ans. A good hygiene habit helps in the prevention of disease. This process decreases the risk of diseases and illness that spread through bacteria. The maintenance of hygiene helps in the prevention of pain. People can save themselves from various types of health diseases by maintaining good hygiene habits.