Meenakari Jewellery: Meaning & Types

Since jewellery is such an intriguing topic, jewellery designers have always been busy experimenting with new designs and new materials in an effort to produce a better piece than they have in the past. Even those who enjoy wearing jewellery find it invigorating to explore various metals and styles. This undoubtedly raises the wearer’s fashion quotient because the present generation is always looking for variation. The modern era does, however, favour certain fresh approaches to bridal fashion in order to provide the bride with the ideal fusion of a contemporary and traditional appearance on the most significant occasion of her life.

To be exact, some things don’t need ornate descriptions to indicate their grandeur, like a sceptre or a tiara. One of them is Meenakari art. It’s common to notice that people highly value Meenakari jewelry. Rather than the muse of a typical jeweler, this art is the result of generations of dedication. A piece of Meenakari jewellery is crafted with an unfathomable degree of accuracy and care. Meenakari has made a long and fascinating journey from Mughal royal residences to everyone’s ornamental repertoire.

What is Minakari Jewelry?

Meenakari design is essentially the process of applying coloured enamel to ornamental engravings or grooves. For designing meenakari, a wide range of metals, including brass, copper, silver, and gold, can be employed. The jewellery features depressions that resemble well-known designs, animal figurines, or representations of gods and goddesses. The purpose of this is to make it appear like an image. By filling the enamels, which brings a brilliant clarity to the theme for which the grooves were made, the pictures’ appearance is improved. Therefore, meenakari jewellery is used to exquisitely communicate a variety of themes and events. This is one of the aspects of the meenakari method that is highly praised and sets it apart from others.

Historical Background

Meenakari jewellery was an indigenous style of jewellery that originated in Persia and was later brought to India by Mughal invaders. Raja Man Singh of Mewar decided to wear it for his portraits and Darbar ceremonies, which is when it first gained popularity in India. The markets of Jaipur were a hive of activity in the sixteenth century as demand for Meenakari jewellery surged in both domestic and foreign trade. In order to address the demand for Meenakari jewellery, craftsmen from Lahore who were transported to India by Raja Man Singh of Mewar established their base in and around Jaipur, making designs for all types of pockets.

Due to its superior capacity to hold the enamel, gold has long been a favourite metal for meenakari art. Not only this, but the use of gold in meenakari artwork also improves its sheen and brilliantly brings out the colours of the enamels. Silver was added to meenakari work later, and it was mostly used to create bowls, boxes,spoons, and decorative items. Copper was later added to meenakari art after the Gold Control Act prompted Indian meenakars to hunt for metals other than gold to create jewellery and other works of art. The popular stone-studded jewellery and kundan jewellery were supported by the meenakari technique in the beginning, making it difficult for the artist’s creations to achieve widespread recognition. The most intriguing feature of this jewellery is its reversibility, which allows the wearer to experience several patterns in the same piece of jewellery by just wearing it on the other side.


Meenakari jewellery can be divided into two categories in the local tongue: the “Ek Rang Khula” style, in which a single colour of enamel is used throughout the entire design of the jewellery, and the “Panchrangi Meena” style, which, as the name implies, uses five colours to create a single set of Meenakari jewelry. Pearl white, powder blue, ink blue, blood red, and forest green are the five primary colours used locally. Gold and silver accents are used to contrast these vibrant hues. As Meenakari jewellery has become a well-known jewellery design, the manufacturing technique has taken on significance in the majority of Rajasthani wedding jewelry.

Meenakari on Rakdhi, an oversized Aarsi ring, a bridal chura, a kamarband, Bicchua feet rings, the renowned Aad necklace, the sexiest trendsetter, Haath Phool, and the regal Rani Haar are all to be found today. The Gulaabi Meena form of Meenakari jewellery is currently in high demand, with everyone from A-list celebrities to brides-to-be from the region ordering the style to go well with their powdered lehengas. The Gulaabi Meena style uses baby pink enamelling to create the design, which is contrasted with white glass powder, gold or silver powder, and kundan ornaments.

Meenakari Jewelry Production Process

The designer, known as a “chitera,” is involved in the initial process before the goldsmith engraves the pattern. The polisher, stone-setter, and stringer are all essential members of the important chain of artisans who contribute to the creation of the finished product. The enamelist applies the color. Using a metal stylus, the meenakars carve elaborate designs on the metal’s surface, which are then colouredin. The meena is then placed in a furnace, where the colours fuse, harden, and become homogeneous on the surface. The brilliance of each colour is then accentuated by using a mixture of lemon and tamarind to gently touch the surface.

Metal oxides blended with a tint of finely powdered glass are the main ingredients of enamel colors. Yellow is produced by utilising potash chromate, violet by using manganese carbonate, green by using copper oxide, blue by using cobalt oxide, brown by using red oxide, and black by using manganese, iron, and cobalt. The most difficult colour to produce is bright red. The metal is painted with the colours in order of increasing hardness, starting with the hardest. It is vital to clean the ornament’s surface before applying enamel. The combinations are burned in the kiln at a temperature of roughly 850 degrees Celsius to achieve the real hues.


The expanding popularity of this technique has undoubtedly been demonstrated by the rise in demand for meenakari jewellery over the last few years. It is quickly rising to the top of the list of jewellery lovers’ favourites because it is available in both traditional and contemporary styles.