$ \mathrm{D}, \mathrm{E} $ and $ \mathrm{F} $ are respectively the mid-points of the sides $ \mathrm{BC}, \mathrm{CA} $ and $ \mathrm{AB} $ of a $ \triangle \mathrm{ABC} $. Show that
(i) BDEF is a parallelogram.
(ii) $ \operatorname{ar}(\mathrm{DEF})=\frac{1}{4} \operatorname{ar}(\mathrm{ABC}) $
(iii) $ \operatorname{ar}(\mathrm{BDEF})=\frac{1}{2} \operatorname{ar}(\mathrm{ABC}) $

AcademicMathematicsNCERTClass 9


\( \mathrm{D}, \mathrm{E} \) and \( \mathrm{F} \) are respectively the mid-points of the sides \( \mathrm{BC}, \mathrm{CA} \) and \( \mathrm{AB} \) of a \( \triangle \mathrm{ABC} \).

To do:

We have to show that

(i) BDEF is a parallelogram.
(ii) \( \operatorname{ar}(\mathrm{DEF})=\frac{1}{4} \operatorname{ar}(\mathrm{ABC}) \)
(iii) \( \operatorname{ar}(\mathrm{BDEF})=\frac{1}{2} \operatorname{ar}(\mathrm{ABC}) \)


In $\triangle ABC$,

By mid point theorem,

$EF \| BC$

$EF = \frac{1}{2}BC$

$BD = \frac{1}{2}BC$ ($D$ is the mid point of $BC$)

This implies,

$BD = EF$



$BF$ and $DE$ are parallel.


The pair of opposite sides are equal in length and parallel to each other.


$BDEF$ is a parallelogram.

(ii) Similarly, we can prove that both $DCEF$ and $AFDE$  are also parallelograms.

The diagonal of a parallelogram divides it into two triangles of equal area.

This implies,

In parallelogram $BDEF$,

$ar(\triangle BFD) = ar(\triangle DEF)$..........(i)

In parallelogram $DCEF$

$ar(\triangle DCE) = ar(\triangle DEF)$..........(ii)

In parallelogram $AFDE$,

$ar(\triangle AFE) = ar(\triangle DEF)$...........(iii)

From (i), (ii) and (iii), we get,

$ar(\triangle BFD) = ar(\triangle AFE) = ar(\triangle CDE) = ar(\triangle DEF)$

This implies,

$ar(\triangle BFD) +ar(\triangle AFE) +ar(\triangle CDE) +ar(\triangle DEF) = ar(\triangle ABC)$

$4 ar(\triangle DEF) = ar(\triangle ABC)$

$ar(\triangle DEF) = \frac{1}{4}ar(\triangle ABC)$

(iii) Area of parallelogram $BDEF = ar(\triangle DEF) +ar(\triangle BDE)$

$ar(BDEF) = ar(\triangle DEF) +ar(\triangle DEF)$

$ar(BDEF) = 2\times ar(\triangle DEF)$

$ar(BDEF) = 2\times \frac{1}{4}ar(\triangle ABC)$

$ar(BDEF) = \frac{1}{2}ar(\triangle ABC)$

Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:41:58