Language and Language Conflict

Due to linguistic problems, several arguments develop. Languages are a significant cause of tension and conflict in every part of the world, including Africa, Europe, the Mideast, and everywhere else. Nevertheless, why did human ancestors become mammals initially in the first location? to provide people with even more motivation to engage in conflict? In reality, they are only attempting to simplify their talks. Initially, they could only converse with one another via sounds. Later, they started to organize these sounds into patterns, which developed into words and letters.

Language Barriers and Linguistic Conflicts

The Latin word lingua, meaning "tongue," is whence we get the word "language." Scholars studying language development often rank oral communication above written records. "Language" is "a set of arbitrary sound symbols utilized in human communication." In light of these definitions, language is the exchange of ideas and the construction of shared meaning via conventional signs (such as words) and non-standard modes of expression (such as gestures and facial expressions). The principal outward evidence of a group's identity is one of the greatest experts on language. Eventually, a people's choice of language might serve as a window into their shared values as a group.

The most pervasive sign of a new nation's emergence is its language. A people's native language has long shaped political and state identities and physical borders. Nation-state borders and internal divisions between nations' constituent states are often based on speakers' native tongues.

Language Conflict Affects Several Humanities

Conflict is relevant to a wide range of social science disciplines. When people of various backgrounds and cultures exchange languages, tensions might arise. Conflicts in language often underlie issues that are first attributed to other factors, such as politics, economics, or sociology. Tribes with little linguistic and social conflict and instead focus on metropolitan industrial civilizations. Though both people and societies may experience the effects of language contact and conflict, these occurrences are limited to interactions between speakers of different languages and not between languages themselves. Multilingualism and linguistic identity, glottophagia and minority/majority relations, the peril of reliance on language censuses.

Political Factors

Politicians, with limited and provincial viewpoints and some regional political parties, develop language feelings among people of a place and use their emotions at the time of elections and also in terms of many political concerns. India is multilingual Majority of states and seven union territories utilize 1652 languages. Language divisions have shaped India's states. India created the first commission. In 1965, Hindustani should supplant English as the secondary language. However, the Commission's 1958 report sparked a southern rebellion.

They opposed Hindi as the official language, preferring English. In the Loksabha, then-Prime Minister Pandit J. Nehru reassured the upset states that English would remain an associated language for the near future and that Hindi would not be pushed on non-Hindi states. After Parliament passed the Official Language Bill in 1963 and declared Hindi the main official language of the state in 1965, Hindi speakers in South India and West Bengal rioted. Tamil Nadu's desire for statehood and numerous other states' threats to withdraw their support for Congress in Parliament heightened the unrest.

Act Amendment

The Central Government amended the Act and guaranteed English-speaking states that Hindi would not replace English. In reaction, Delhi and other North Indian cities saw violent anti-English riots, and Southerners retaliated. Besides Hindi and English, numerous states have seen language riots. Goa and Belgaum have clashed with Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. Goa wanted to make Konkani and Marathi official languages, while the Belgaum Municipality disagreed with the Karnataka government over its preference for Marathi over Kannada.

Restricted Languages

Natural language subsets known as restricted innate languages have had their grammars and lexicons restricted in order to reduce or eliminate both ambiguity and complexity. The goal of improving and mastering a limited language is often to enable non-native speakers by offering and accepting a natural language or occasionally to remove a natural language's computer privilege. Simplified English, initially created for aircraft commerce preservation instructions, illustrates a widely used regulated natural language.

Formal Languages

Along with programming languages, markup languages, and other more speculative languages, mathematics and computer science employ simulated texts called formal languages. These frequently take the form of character strings, which are created by fusing arbitrary complexity semantics with a formal grammar.

Language and Culture

A country's language determines its cultural practices. This reality bears sole responsibility for the requirement to preserve linguistic variety. The preservation of linguistic diversity is essential if diversity is a prerequisite for a successful civilization since language is the essence of who we are. If compound cultures' development is so important, languages play a crucial role since languages are the primary medium through which cultures are communicated. As a result, there is a serious loss of inherited records whenever language death prevents linguistic contact.

It is a significant loss for the person since their personal history has vanished. However, this loss affects everyone because language is a natural resource that cannot be replenished once it has been taken from the land. Language must be cross-fertilized in order to advance. History is controlled by language, and it gives us evidence regarding the cultural interactions a country has had through words and idioms.


The Parliament and government of India now operate in both English and Hindi. The potential for linguistic unrest has been addressed by the Bilingual Education Amendment Act of 1968. Use of Hindi or the Government's Official Language is discretionary under the Act. If a state has not made Hindi its official language, then the Union and that state may continue to communicate in English. An English translation is always recommended as a safety net for communications between countries where Hindi is not widely spoken. Languages spoken in a state's area may be made an official language. The use of Hindi as a medium of teaching in higher education and disseminating the language to those who cannot speak it are two areas where significant effort is being expended. In the U.P.S.C.'s competitive exams, students can use Hindi or English.

Updated on: 05-Apr-2023


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