Indian Psychology: Implications and Applications

In recent days, eastern yoga practices, meditation, etc., have gained popularity. Western researchers are turning to age-old information available in Eastern cultures to understand various issues with the mind and the body. Indian Psychology, also known as "Vedic psychology" or "Indian philosophy of psychology," is a field of study that draws upon the ancient wisdom of Indian philosophy and spirituality to understand the human mind and behavior.

It is a holistic approach that considers the integration of the mind, body, and spirit for the overall well-being of an individual. The origins of Indian Psychology can be traced back to ancient Indian texts such as Vedas, Upanishads, and Yoga Sutras, which discuss the nature of the mind and consciousness and methods for achieving inner peace and spiritual development. Many of these texts contain rich psychological insights and practical techniques for developing the mind and understanding the nature of the self.

Indian Psychology in Modern Era

In the modern era, Indian Psychology began to be studied and developed by scholars and practitioners in the 20th century. One of the earliest pioneers in this field was the Indian psychologist and philosopher J. Krishnamurti. He emphasized the importance of self-awareness and understanding the nature of the mind in promoting well-being and spiritual development. Another important figure in the development of Indian psychology is the Indian philosopher and mystic Sri Aurobindo, who wrote extensively about the nature of the mind and consciousness. He proposed a new psychological understanding which considers the mind not as a limited, mechanical instrument but as a possibility of infinite self-awareness, self-regulation, and self-transcendence.

In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in Indian Psychology in the West, and it has started to gain more attention in academic and professional circles. Studies are being conducted to understand the effectiveness of various Indian psychological practices, such as meditation, yoga, and Ayurveda, in mental and physical health, education, personal development, and organizational behavior. Overall, Indian psychology is a field of study that draws on ancient wisdom and practices, integrating the mind, body, and spirit for the overall well-being of an individual. It has a rich history and philosophy, and its insights and methods are increasingly being applied in contemporary settings for personal, professional, and societal growth.

Implications and Applications

The study of pedagogy, education, social work, human resource development, organizational behavior, and therapy are all examples of specific branches of applied psychology. Psychology is an applied science. The official theory, which recommends well-defined, clear techniques and processes, and experience, which teaches practitioners in these disciplines that a more individualized, eclectic, and intuitive approach works better, are now in some friction with one another. The informal experience and formal theory appear more accurate representations of reality. It is interesting that statistics well supports this theory.

For instance, Bruce Wampold (2001) has gathered a sizable amount of meta-analytical data to demonstrate that very little of the success in psychotherapy can be attributed to particular techniques and ideas. His research indicates that most of the characteristics that affect therapy's effectiveness are either internal to the therapist and the client or related to the setting in which it is delivered. While this is challenging to comprehend from the medical perspective that underlies the majority of conventional therapy research, it is completely consistent with Indian psychology, which strongly emphasizes the work that individuals must perform on themselves. Whether acting in the capacity of a pedagogue, teacher, human resources specialist, or therapist, the guide instructs by example and maybe even by direct influence. He demonstrates that maturing is both valuable and attainable, that challenging material can be taught, that it is possible to navigate challenging social circumstances successfully, and that issues in life can be resolved.

Profoundly, the guide primarily acts as a teacher by sharing his essence as a human being, and what counts is how he communicates that essence through his life. This is acknowledged in many types of therapy training; as a result, receiving treatment oneself is a crucial step in the training procedure. However, the requirement for self-work, for knowing and conquering one's self, goes further—both in breadth and depth—in Indian psychology, which is based on self-knowledge rather than knowledge of statistically generalized others. In-depth, because a competent guide should demonstrate that it is possible to "transcend and integrate," in the words of Sri Aurobindo, and breadth, because it covers all areas of applied psychology: A competent teacher should be able to demonstrate that it is possible to transcend one's bounds, live from a higher consciousness, behave with fewer selfish motivations, and work more harmoniously with the entire.

Similar to the distinctions we discovered in the several domains of theory construction, Indian psychology's practical application differs from modern mainstream psychology. On the one hand, there is the same unwavering focus on the multidimensionality of the personality—a multidimensionality that reaches beyond the physical and the social and, rather, begins with the spiritual. On the other hand, there is a continual awareness that every person is ultimately unique. The crucial ideas of svabhva and svadharma—the understanding that each person has their genuine nature, their own particular set of attributes, their truth of action, and standards of conduct—bring together both attention points. Both ideas are predicated on the underlying perception that a person is a spiritual being rather than merely a collection of self-concepts and propensities to act in certain ways.

Indian Psychology has several implications and applications in various areas of life. Some of the key implications and applications include

Mental Health

Indian Psychology provides a holistic approach to understanding and treating mental health issues, which includes addressing the symptoms and the underlying causes. It emphasizes the importance of self-awareness, mindfulness, and meditation in promoting well-being. Some key principles of Indian psychology that are relevant to mental health include


The belief in a spiritual essence or soul in all living beings. According to Indian psychology, understanding the concept of Atman can help individuals connect with their inner selves and find inner peace.


The belief that every action has consequences and that individuals are responsible for their actions and their effects on the world around them. Understanding Karma can help individuals understand how their actions impact their own mental and emotional well-being, as well as the well-being of others.


The belief that each individual has a unique purpose or role in the world and that living in alignment with one's Dharma can lead to greater satisfaction and fulfillment.

Yoga and meditation

Indian psychology emphasizes using yoga and meditation as tools for self-awareness and spiritual development. Yoga and meditation are increasingly recognized for their potential benefits in treating many mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and stress.


Indian psychology also includes traditional Indian medicine, where a big emphasis is on the balance of three doshas called Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. An imbalance of these doshas is believed to be the root cause of most illnesses. Ayurveda practitioners recommend certain herbal medicines, lifestyle changes, diet, and yoga to balance these doshas.

While Indian psychology is rooted in ancient Indian philosophy, many of its principles and practices can be adapted to modern Western psychology. Some mental health professionals have begun incorporating these principles into their treatment approaches for certain conditions. It is important to note that Indian psychology is one perspective in understanding mental health and is not a substitute for modern evidence-based approaches to mental health care. However, it can be a useful complement to Western-style therapy and medication.


Indian psychology is closely linked to spirituality, as the ultimate goal of Indian psychology is to achieve spiritual enlightenment and self-realization. The principles and practices of Indian psychology are designed to help individuals understand their true selves, connect with their inner spirit, and find inner peace. One of the key concepts of Indian psychology is the Atman, which is the belief in a spiritual essence or soul that is present in all living beings. According to Indian psychology, understanding the concept of Atman can help individuals connect with their inner selves and find inner peace. Another key aspect of Indian psychology is the belief in reincarnation, the concept that the soul is reborn into a new body after death. This belief can affect the way individuals understand their place in the world and the nature of their existence.

It is also worth noting that Indian psychology takes a holistic approach to human well-being, and it views the body, mind, and spirit as interconnected. This holistic perspective can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the individual and their struggles and help individuals make sense of their experiences in a spiritual context. It is important to note that Indian psychology and spirituality is a personal journey, and what works for one person may not work for another. It is also important to consult a healthcare professional before trying any new approach to treating mental health issues.


Indian psychology has potential implications in education as it emphasizes the importance of character development, self-awareness, and self-regulation, which are essential for success in education and life. Some of the key principles of Indian psychology that are relevant to education include

  • Self Awareness

  • Mindfulness

  • Growth Mindset

  • Values Education

It is worth noting that many of the Indian psychology principles can be flexibly incorporated into education, and they can be tailored to fit into different cultures and educational systems. It is also important that these practices be taught by qualified teachers who can guide the students safely and effectively.

Organizational behavior

Indian psychology can be used to understand and improve organizational behavior, particularly in promoting teamwork, collaboration, and effective communication. It is important to note that while Indian psychology can be a valuable perspective in organizational psychology, it should not be used in isolation and must be integrated with other established models and practices.


In conclusion, Indian psychology, which is based on ancient Indian texts and principles, has the potential to inform and enhance various fields such as mental health, education, and organizational psychology. The key principles of Indian psychology, such as self-awareness, mindfulness, karma, dharma, and holistic approach, can be adapted and implemented flexibly to help individuals and organizations better understand themselves and others and promote personal and professional growth and development. Indian psychology offers a unique perspective on human behavior and well-being that can complement and enhance traditional Western approaches. However, it is important to remember that Indian psychology is one perspective and should not be used in isolation. It should always be integrated with established evidence-based models and practices.

Updated on: 06-Feb-2023

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