In any triangle $ \mathrm{ABC} $, if the angle bisector of $ \angle \mathrm{A} $ and perpendicular bisector of $ \mathrm{BC} $ intersect, prove that they intersect on the circumcircle of the triangle $ \mathrm{ABC} $.

AcademicMathematicsNCERTClass 9

Given: 

In a triangle \( \mathrm{ABC} \), the angle bisector of \( \angle \mathrm{A} \) and perpendicular bisector of \( \mathrm{BC} \) intersect.

To do: 

We have to prove that they intersect on the circumcircle of the triangle \( \mathrm{ABC} \).

Solution:

Let $ABC$ be a triangle in which the angle bisector of \( \angle \mathrm{A} \) and perpendicular bisector of \( \mathrm{BC} \) intersect at $E$ as shown in the figure.

Screenshot (1012).png

Join $BE$ and $CE$

$AE$ is the bisector of $\angle BAC$

This implies,

$\angle BAE = \angle CAE$

$arc BE = arc EC$

This implies,

chord $BE =$ chord $EC$

In $\triangle BDE$ and $\triangle CDE$,

$DE = DE$     (Common side)

$BD = CD$     (Given)

$BE = CE$      (Proved)

Therefore, by SSS congruency,

$\triangle BDE \cong \triangle CDE$

This implies,

$\angle BDE = \angle CDE$

$\angle BDE + \angle CDE = 180^o$                   (Linear pair)

$2\angle BDE=180^o$

$\angle BDE=\frac{180^o}{2}$

$\angle BDE=90^o$

$\angle CDE = \angle BDE = 90^o$

Therefore,

$DE \perp BC$

$BE = CE$ and $DE \perp BC$

Point $E$ is equidistant from the points $B$ and $C$. This is only possible when point $E$ lies on the perpendicular bisector of $BC$.

This implies,

$ED$ is the perpendicular bisector of $BC$.

Therefore, the perpendicular bisector of $BC$ and the angle bisector of $\angle A$ meet on the circumcircle of the triangle \( \mathrm{ABC} \) at point $E$.

Hence proved.

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:46:58

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