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Importance of Printing in Fabrics
The textile sector now has a new dimension and greater diversity thanks to printing. Before it is manufactured, the fabric is coloured, printed, and finished. The clothing industry currently places a high value on printing. On any cloth, various designs are printed that reflect the tastes of the people. In step with changing consumer preferences, textile printing is likewise evolving quickly worldwide. Consumers want a wide range of colour and design options. In order to meet their needs, printing is constantly evolving.
Printing is the process of adorning textile fabrics by using colourants, dyes, and other relevant materials in the form of patterns. These techniques are also very old and appear to have evolved from hand-painting fabrics. Evidence of printing dating back to the fourth century BCE has been found in India, and a printing block with a 300 CE date has been found in the Akhmun burial grounds in Upper Egypt. In Mexico and Peru, pre-Columbian patterned textiles have been discovered. The printing of textiles has advanced greatly, requiring the talents of numerous designers and artists.
What is Printing?
In the process of printing, colour is applied to the cloth in order to produce a particular pattern or design. To put it more simply, printing is the process of embellishing cloth with various colour patterns or designs after it has been created. While printing is currently carried out in many sophisticated ways, it was not at first. The first people to start printing cloth and engraving on wooden blocks were the Chinese. At that time, printing could only be done using the colours red and blue. But currently, printing uses 12 to 15 colours.
Printing on textiles primarily uses block, roller, screen, and heat transfer techniques. In each of these procedures, the colour is first applied—typically as a thicker paste—then fixed—typically by steaming or heating—and finally removed by washing away any surplus color. There are three types of printing: direct, discharge, and resist. Colored pastes are printed directly into the fabric during direct printing. The fabric is first dyed with a background colour for discharge printing, which is then removed by reagents, or reducing agents, conveyed in a print paste.
Although print pastes may contain colouring materials that are not destroyed by the discharging agent, generating a coloured design, this action may leave the discharged design white on a coloured background. In the resist method, a chemical known as a resist is initially printed on the fabric to prevent the printed areas from taking on colour. Only the areas of the fabric that were not printed with the resist are coloured or pigment-padded. Printing a resist on the cloth and then treating it with caustic soda is a unique way to use this process to create plissé effects.
The Importance of Printing in the Fashion Industry
The textile business requires printing in the same way that dyeing is necessary. The textile business requires printing in the same way that dyeing is necessary. It requires ongoing innovation on the part of fashion designers. Fashion designers and artisans create a wide range of imaginative creations with careful consideration. Both printing and design knowledge are required for this. Currently, one can easily get a sense of what the garment would look like when printed with this by displaying the all-over printing design on the model on the computer.
However, due to a lack of understanding of printing technology, today’s fashion designers are unable to take their place in the garment fashion industry. However, it is anticipated that fashion designers will travel outside of the nation and take up residence abroad. All fabrics are typically dyed during the dyeing process. Due to the ability to create any design, printing is now more important and necessary than ever. As a result, demand and use for printed fabrics are equal. In order to meet client expectations while keeping costs reasonable, textile engineers are currently also creating novel approaches with their customers’ needs in mind.
Using a thickening agent, the colour is applied to specific areas of the cloth during the printing process in accordance with the desired pattern. As a result, the printed fabric is more appealing. Additionally, printing equipment is continually being improved to meet consumer and business demands. This allows fashion designers to finish their creations. A new area of textile printing has recently been added: 3D printing. With this 3D printing technique, it is possible to create intricate designs and garments with a high level of detail. As a result, it has easily adapted to client requirements. There may be less waste and environmental impact associated with 3D-printed apparel. There is a large water requirement for textiles and fabrics, and air pollution is a major issue in countries with a large textile industry, like China. Many of these issues are amenable to 3D printing.
Textile printing offers a designer a variety of advantages so that his creations can be elegantly displayed to the customer or consumers. As a result, he is able to quickly attract customers to his designed clothing. Therefore, the importance of printing is crucial to raising the level of the fashion sector. In addition, it is envisaged that if we can offer a variety of designs to the clients by applying original ideas, the field of printing will be further developed in the future.
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