Human Engineering in Defence

Human-factors engineering has always been grounded in taking into account data about human users when creating tools, robots, jobs, and work environments. The scythe, one of humanity's oldest and most effective tools, has a remarkable level of human-factors engineering, certainly reflecting adjustments made over many generations; the shrewdly curved handle and blade, as well as the peg hold for the left hand, are all examples of this. This starkly contrasts with the traditional snow shovel, a commonplace tool of contemporary times responsible for many winters' back aches due to its inefficient design.

Explaining Human Engineering in Defence

Human aspects play an important role in optimizing the safety and security of Defense systems. Considering human limits and capacities from the outset of designing equipment, technologies, systems, and vehicles allows for optimal human performance for safe operations by military people. When machines grew much more complicated, the demand arose for a more structured way to address these human concerns.

Modern technology has given us jet planes capable of high speeds, computing, radar, nuclear submarines, satellite systems, and spacecraft. The tremendous development in the quantity and complexity of machines has brought new challenges concerning the usage of operators and the way they may be incorporated into systems. To add insult to injury, society will need help to figure out how to fix these brand-new issues.

  • Drones may be heard during the Storm − Drones with artificial intelligence that can enter individual rooms can be used to clean and monitor areas without needing a GPS signal. They use it to keep an eye on building sites, forests, and poaching, as well as in counter-terrorist room intervention operations, citywide surveillance, emergency response, underground coal, iron ore mine rescues, and more.

  • Professional Mandarin Interpreters − Research in this area has centered on developing artificial intelligence-Powered wearable translators for Mandarin Chinese and English (AI). Fortunately, a wearable device can convert your utterances into understandable words. The company provides intelligence agencies with speech-to-speech software that can translate between different languages.

    The mobile gadget may do bidirectional real-time translation of spoken language without requiring an online connection for processing. It weighs around 80 and 100 g, has a battery capacity of 12 hours, and a latency of 3-4 seconds.

  • Development of the Prism − The Reactive Real-time Intelligence and Observation Monitoring System (PRISM) is the first AI-based program for the Indian Army. It provides real-time audio/visual alerts on suspected enemy activity from various surveillance inputs. Real-time motion detection, target identification, and tagging are carried out by monitoring feeds from the Line of Control, the Line of Actual Control, and refute zones.

A Centralised Control Hub and Artificial Intelligence-Powered Intrusion Detector

Integrating information from several imaging and sensing platforms into a single user experience. This 3D-printed robot may be pushed by a fence rail. The robot may be controlled remotely and independently by any device with internet access and Android software. This monitoring device can recognize individuals by their faces. In the background, a system for facial recognition checks whether a person's face appears in its database of registered users. A person's facial characteristics may be found in a database.

Artificial Intelligence-Based Interception Management (IMS)

Multiple intercepts must be analyzed and interpreted by a Common Operating Information Picture in order to ensure its correctness (COIP). Unstructured data is difficult to see, interpret, and validate. Artificial intelligence is needed to forecast future operational occurrences. It was, therefore, crucial to have an Intercept Management System backed by AI.

Round-the-Clock Monitoring System 

Surveillance technology now in use for advanced detection of enemy infiltration suffers from line of sight limitations, deployment constraints to one's side, a heavy resource load, high power consumption, and the requirement for a constant crew. It can rapidly identify intruders and may be moved to other locations.

Intelligently Controlled Swarms of Drones 

Drone swarms might perform defensive and offensive maneuvers alongside ground soldiers. Using drone swarms can alter the battlefield by delaying the time when columns of motorized infantry must be abandoned. Due to its low cost, rapid deployment, redundancy, accuracy, software dominance, mission-reduced costs, ability to strike beyond the line of sight (BVLOS), and low human casualty rate, the Swarm Drone is an effective weapon both conventional and non-conventional operations. Drone swarms may monitor and attack enemy positions, vehicles, and command posts.

Mine-Detecting UGV, Sapper Scout 

The "Sapper Scout" UGVs can detect spray-marked mines and ignite them. The UGV can travel great distances and traverse various surfaces thanks to its tracked base. The prototype trip wire for a fragmentation mine is equipped with a five-axis robotic arm. The unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) has three cameras—one for approaching the mine it detected, one for tracking it, and one for 360-degree surveillance.

Robotic Examination of Satellite Images

Conceived and built in the area, this geospatial special awareness system provides real-time data. With just one click, you may get insights from a wide variety of sensors and systems that you can put to use. It employs state-of-the-art AI and data-processing techniques for application in various aerial and space vehicles. It works well for a wide variety of safety uses.


Experiments in applied anthropometries, such as the Fitman, are assessed and created, as are expert workstations in all sorts of Defense transportation (planes, ships, tanks, military vehicles, and so on). Military-grade air traffic management consoles are being developed. HMI analysis and design (human-machine interfaces) Human Factors Technological Advances Research Human modeling of difficult defense operations and working contexts Risk evaluation taking into consideration human Engineering has made a significant contribution to Defence.

Updated on: 05-Apr-2023


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