How to Play Monopoly?

Everyone loves the popular board game Monopoly, but it can take some work to learn how to play it, as it has many rules and guidelines. It's a complex set of rules, and many families play it with twists that aren't in the manual. You'll grow to like Monopoly more once you learn how to set up the board properly, adhere to the regulations, and call time on the game. Two to eight players can play this game simultaneously; the more people, the more fun.

Step-1 − First, place the chance cards and community chest cards face down in their respective spots on the board. A player's turn begins when he sets his token on the appropriate square on the board. For each token, the first slot is the GO zone.

At the outset of the game, each participant is given $1,500. The total of $1,500 is distributed as follows: (2) $500 bills, (2) $100 bills, (2) $50 bills, (6) $20 bills, (5) $10 bills, (5) $5 bills, and (5) $1 bills. The game requires selecting a "banker" from the players. In addition to dispersing and collecting funds, the banker acts as the real estate manager, including homes and hotels.

Step-2 − This game aims to amass the most riches by investing in and reselling real estate.

Procedure Before the start of the game: Each participant, will roll both dice. The one who rolls the highest number goes first. The action then shifts to the left, clockwise position.

With every turn, one player rolls both dice and advances several token squares based on the total value of those rolls. The landing spot will determine the next step.

Step-3 − Most blanks stand for actual estate. After landing on the spot, the player can negotiate with the bank to buy the house. Players can see the price of a home at the bottom of the ad.

Step-4 − If a player lands on a "Chance" spot, they get to draw a "Chance" card. After carrying out the chance card's instructions, the card is placed back at the bottom of the stack.

Step-5 − If one lands on the community chest area, they randomly choose a card from the communal deck.

Step-6 − If the player lands on a tax spot, he must pay the corresponding tax. As the player is only on a short visit, nothing occurs if he arrives in the prison area. It will only happen if a player lands in the open parking spot. If a player lands on the "go to jail" square, he has to go to jail. A player receives $200 from the lender each time he lands on or moves from the GO area.

One must pay rent to the current owner of a piece of real estate if he moves on to someone else's property. The property card details show the outstanding balance.


A player is eliminated from the game whenever his debt exceeds assets and is declared bankrupt. The winner is the one who is still in the game after everyone else has gone bankrupt.


The auction of property takes place if a player lands on a vacant lot and wants to avoid buying it from the bank at the listed price. Each participant can place a bid, and the winner will pay the most significant total price for the property.

You must demand and collect rent from tenants who land on your property before the next player can roll the dice.

If a player rolls a pair of duplicate numbers, he moves the amount, takes necessary action, and then rolls again. He is doing what's called "rolling doubles" when he does this. If a player receives three consecutive doubles, he is immediately sent to jail without being allowed to pass or win $200.

An arrested person has three options for getting out of prison. One is to roll doubles, which occurs when both dice show the same number and, in addition, by using an escape clause. You can either draw the get-out-of-jail-free card from the chance pile or the community chest or buy it from another player for a predetermined fee. Finally, you can pay the bank $50 in advance to roll. If you roll a number, you'll advance that many squares.

Players can buy houses for their properties after they have accumulated enough of a single color of the land. The mortgage is paid to the bank based on the amount shown on the property card. The rent for a property with a house goes up by the amount shown on the card. Each lot must already have a house before another may be built to ensure fair distribution of houses.


Now you have learned the basic rules of Monopoly, make sure you also follow some other rules like, when all of the lots of a specific hue have four homes, it is possible to buy a hotel. This drives up the cost of renting space here for other businesses. Hotels charge directly, and one gets the funds in the account.

Bank cannot sell any more homes. A player must wait for a home or hotel resold to the bank before making a purchase.

The players may recoup half of their initial investment by selling their hotels and homes back to the bank. If a piece of land is owned by a player but contains neither a home nor a hotel, the owner can sell the land to another player for any price they two agree upon.

The players can mortgage the land to the bank rather than any buildings. On the reverse of the property card is the mortgaged amount that the bank paid. When a mortgage is in place on a property, no rent is collected from players who land there. When the bank receives the mortgage amount plus 10%, it releases the property, and the player can move forward in the game.

Hence with these norms, the players can enjoy the game for many hours without losing interest, and with every move, the game becomes more interesting.

Updated on: 08-May-2023


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