Home Rule Movement


Indian Independence movement had seen growth between the years 1916 and 1918. This made the Home Rule movement popular and the main head of this movement was Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

The primary objectives of this movement were to achieve supreme status against the British kingdom among developed countries like Australia. This movement was segmented into a couple of Home Rule Leagues. Tilak formed one of the leagues in the year April 1916 and Annie Besant formed the other one in September 1916.

Annie Besant

What is the Home Rule Movement?

The Home Rule Movement was first established and initiated to achieve Self Government in India. This movement achieved the supremacy position. The All India Home Rule League was similar to that of the movement Irish based on political factors. This league had certain limitations on the part of Maharashtra and Central Province and this was formed on April 1916. This league is composed of six fields. The main wants of this league were Swaraj and the establishment of inappropriate languages.

The success of this movement depended on the factors of extremists and moderates and this came into the knowledge of both leaders. The leaders in the newspapers and meetings and conferences did the campaigning of this movement. Later the leaders were get admitted to the Congress party and made successful in this movement. Later due to political issues, Annie Besant started her league and from there the leaders to avoid any type of conflicts established the personal leagues.

Home Rule Movement: Background

The rules and regulations of the Government Act 1909 were not good enough for the people of India. Later in the year 1907, the congress party get divided and the extremist leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak was imprisoned from 1908 to 1914. During that time the national movement gets to its full swing. The leader Annie Besant braced the Irish Home Rule League when she approaches India in 1893.

Due to political factors, the leaders of India get split up and they were in a dilemma that whether to support Britain in the War. Both the leaders understood the importance of the Nationalist movement and the function of the Indian Congress party in the political part of India. The leaders failed to satisfy the party to get in the favour of the formation of the Home Rule League and later they established their league.

Home Rule Movement: Foundation

Under this movement, the two leagues were established one in the year April 1916 at Belgaum and the other one was formed at Madras. The formation of a government body was the sole objective of both leaders. Both the leagues of the leaders had different approaches and for this reason, the leagues were followed and worked in different countries.

The league of Tilak had its headquarters in Delhi and whereas the league of the Besant had many parts but it does not gain much success compared to Tilak’s league. Both the leagues had functioned together but they avoid amalgamation due to the rise of conflict among the leaders.

Home Rule Movement: Objectives

Objectives of Home Rule Movement

The important objectives of this movement are −

  • The movement established the sole government in India.

  • To the successful formation of the sole governing body, it achieved the promotion of self-education and established it according to it.

  • The primary objective of this movement is to boost the self-confidence of the people of India to talk against the repression of the government.

  • Another primary goal is to follow the certain principles of INC and side-by-side revision of the political roles and their activities.

Home Rule Movement: Significance

The significance of this movement −

  • It was against the activities of the Congress party and this movement worked consistently the whole year.

  • This movement spread political awareness among the citizens of India.

  • Maximum youths and educated Indians supported this movement.

  • Many religions and other fearless leaders get unity from this movement.

  • The members of the congress were part of this league.

  • This movement formed the team for future politics during the Gandhian Phase.

  • This movement enlightens the factors of a national movement and increases hope among the people of India.

Home Rule Movement: Failure and Decline

Some of the disadvantages of the movement were −

  • The students and the people of the country get restricted due to the approach of this movement.

  • The Muslim community and some other community do not support this movement due to their perspective that this movement was for the supreme class of society .

  • Due to the incapacity of the leaders to carry ahead, this movement many people exited the movement.

  • Because of the war, this movement later again amalgamated with the party of the congress and Mahatma Gandhi achieves the supreme role and power.


This movement gained supremacy in India and the reason for stepping into this movement is like the other countries Australia and Canada. This movement depends on the Irish Home rule league and it was pushed for the reason of war among the huge population. The important activist of this movement was Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. They had formed their leagues and the plan of Self-government was spread among the people.


Q.1. What was the focus of the Home Rule Movement?

Ans. This movement was initiated as the focus of the formation of the sole governing body in India. This movement formed a feeling of patriotism in the people of India.

Q.2. When did the Home Rule Movement come into effect?

Ans. This movement was established in 1916 after the formation of the Home Rule League. The main participant of this movement was Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Annie Besant who was the fearless leaders.

Q.3. What is the impact of the Home Rule Movement?

Ans. This movement carried the same approaches but it was a split-up movement done by the leaders. It was followed in different areas and one impact of it was the failure of the leaders to lead this movement.

Updated on: 21-Dec-2022


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