Haloalkanes and Haloarenes are an important class of organic compounds. These are obtained by replacing a hydrogen atom of an aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon by a halogen atom. By replacing a single hydrogen atom, these compounds exhibit vastly different properties and undergo varied reactions as compared to the parent hydrocarbons. These find wide applications in day-to-day life and is used as a starting materials for the synthesis of wide range of organic compounds. In this chapter, we will study about the nature of C-X bond, classification, methods of preparation of haloalkanes and haloarenes, and chemical reactions undergone by them along with their applications.
This video has been prepared to address the curriculum requirements of 12th Class students. The concepts discussed will also find applications in several competitive examinations like JEE-Mains, NEET along with board examinations.