Give two examples of each.
(a) Kharif crop
(b) Rabi crop

AcademicBiologyNCERTClass 8

When the same kinds of plants, like fruits, cereals, or vegetables, are grown and cultivated in one place on a large scale for commercial purposes, this is called a crop.


Kharif crops are grown during the monsoon or rainy season (June to October). They are heavily dependent on rainfall. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jawar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses, etc.


Rabi crops are agricultural crops that are cultivated in winter and harvested in the spring. They are sown around mid-November with the onset of the winter season and harvested during the summer from April to May. They require a moderate amount of water for their growth. Examples are wheat, barley, sesame, mustard, gram, and peas.


Zaid crops are summer crops that are grown from March to June, between the Rabi and Kharif seasons. It takes a long time for them to grow, and they need warm, dry weather and longer days in order to flower. Cucumber, Bitter Gourd, Pumpkin, Moong Dal, Watermelon, etc. are all examples.


Crops can be put into four main groups based on what they are used for:

1. Crops for food (Wheat, Rice, Maize, Millets, Pulses, etc.)

2. Food for Money (Jute, Cotton, Tobacco, Sugarcane, etc.)

3. Horticulture Crops (Fruits & Vegetables)

4. Crops for Planting (Coffee, Coconut, Rubber, Tea, etc.)

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 12:46:49

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