Find the sum of the two middle most terms of the AP: $ -\frac{4}{3},-1,-\frac{2}{3}, \ldots .4 \frac{1}{3} $.

AcademicMathematicsNCERTClass 10

Given:

Given A.P. is $-\frac{4}{3}, -1, -\frac{2}{3}, -\frac{1}{3}, ......, 4\frac{1}{3}$.

To do:

We have to find the sum of the two middle terms of the given A.P.

Solution:

$a_1=a=-\frac{4}{3}, a_2=-1, l=4\frac{1}{3}$

Common difference $d=-1-(-\frac{4}{3})=-1+\frac{4}{3}=\frac{-1(3)+4}{3}=\frac{1}{3}$

Let there be $n$ terms in the given A.P.

This implies,

$l=a_n=-\frac{4}{3}+(n-1)(\frac{1}{3})$

$4\frac{1}{3}=-\frac{4}{3}+(n-1)\frac{1}{3}$

$\frac{3\times4+1}{3}=\frac{-4+(n-1)}{3}$

$12+1=-4+n-1$

$n=13+5$

$n=18$

Here, $n=18$ is even.

Therefore, $(\frac{n}{2})$th and $\frac{n}{2}+1$th terms are the middle terms.

$\frac{n}{2}=\frac{18}{2}=9$

$\frac{n}{2}+1=9+1=10$

Middle terms are $a_{9}$ and $a_{10}$

$a_{9}=-\frac{4}{3}+(9-1)(\frac{1}{3})$

$=\frac{-4+8}{3}$

$=\frac{4}{3}$

$a_{10}=a_9+d=\frac{4}{3}+\frac{1}{3}=\frac{4+1}{3}=\frac{5}{3}$

$a_9+a_{10}=\frac{4}{3}+\frac{5}{3}=\frac{4+5}{3}=\frac{9}{3}=3$

The sum of the middle terms of the given A.P. is $3$.

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:27:34

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