Factors Affecting Memory Recall

It is remarkable that the vast majority of things on the long list that might damage your recollection can be adjusted or are firmly within your command. Changing your nutrition, augmenting with vital minerals, engaging in physical activity, and receiving enough relaxation are all examples of modest adjustments that may have profound effects.

What are the Factors that Affect Memory Recall?

Some of the most powerful factors impacting memory are those that work against you, forming those recollections in the initial place. Emotion and external factors might affect the encoding process. Anxiety, tension, lack of desire, and weariness are just a few of the difficulties that might arise with encoding. Embedding, the process through which memories are stored, is very susceptible to physical and mental stress. Stress and abnormal brain activity both stem from anxiety. When stress hormones are injected into the bloodstream, they prevent new memories from forming.

If you are not interested in remembering, you will not. Finally, if you are fatigued, the whole organism is in a weakened condition and will not function properly. A mnemonic and attention to improving may be used to help make up for problems in encoding. There is a long tradition of using mnemonics to remember vast volumes of data, referring to the Greeks. Improving one's recollection substantially is possible by using well-learned mnemonic devices. For mnemonics to be effective, data must be chunked or transformed and compacted into smaller, more digestible chunks. To memorize this, make an abbreviation out of the first letters or devise a clever rhyme.

Factors Affecting Memory Recall

Following are the major factors that affect the memory recall −

Age − Some facets of cognition may hold up rather well as we age, while others may suffer. According to research, cognitive ability, popularly called memory loss (STM), declines with age. Similarly, our capacity to absorb data quickly and maintain focus during interruptions declines with age. Nonetheless, many individuals have a "metal memory" into the late 80s or beyond.

Distraction − Knowledge stored in an STM may not be converted into an LTM if the learner is diverted while the mind is working to store the data. The element of STM, known as executive function, is easily disrupted by outside stimuli and can only store so much data under ideal conditions.

Sleeping Habits − It is common knowledge that staying up too late may cause memory problems, but sleep quality is more crucial than quantity. Current findings in the United Kingdom found that persons who regularly experienced poor sleep quality exhibited physiological effects, including shrinkage, shortening, and degradation in critical memory processes in remembering. The hippocampus reviews and organizes each day's events for the neocortical while you rest. When you need to remember anything in the tomorrow, the neocortex goes over it and analyses it. Lack of quality sleep prevents the information from transferring from the memory to the frontal lobe, making it more challenging to recall information and remember things.

Nutrition − If you have certain essential nutrients, your recollection will function at its best. Deficiency in the vitamins B vitamins like B1, B6, and B9 has been scientifically linked to dementia, as well as growing evidence suggesting that undernutrition is also connected with cognitive decline.

Illness − Tobacco use significantly lowers oxygen delivery to the mind, which may have a sobering impact. In contrast to the individual, smokers "lose one of their daily memory," as stated in the research mentioned above. If you give up cigarettes, this consequence will go. Factors like cardiovascular events that compromise blood flow lessen the quality of oxygen that reaches the brain. Dementias like Alzheimer's are well-known for destroying people's memories, and infections of the intestines are an unexpected cause of the cognitive decline in the elderly.

Effect of Emotional State

The inability to retain information short-term has been connected to mental health conditions, including psychological distress. The consequences are typically thought to be short-lived and reversible if the underlying cause of the sadness or anxiety is addressed. Pseudodementia is a disorder that develops after the start of sadness and has many characteristics of dementia, such as memory loss and confusion. Loss of a loved one, isolation, and traumatic experiences are all emotional conditions that might impair one's memory. Stress may improve memory performance or hinder it, depending on the circumstances. Cortisol, an amount of cortisol, has been shown in certain studies to be the root cause of impairment in addition to the worry itself.

Interruptions in the surroundings might hinder the process of forming and consolidating memory. A person's mood significantly impacts their ability to perceive and retain details. When we are feeling a certain way, our ability to obtain a tint of that mood is. Memory works best when the body is in a similar state to that in which the event was stored; for example, by eliciting a sad feeling, we may learn and better a painful experience. Substances with a greater emphasis on feeling are more likely to be read. The amygdala is the brain's emotional and focus hub. The amygdala has been shown to direct one's focus toward emotionally charged, particularly frightening, visual stimuli.

Anxiety-inducing visuals, such as a terrifying face or an otherwise innocuous picture associated with negative emotion, are effective attention-getters. Individuals suffering parietal lobe injury may still see a frightening look on a flashing face more easily than they can a calm one. It is fascinating that the amygdala responds to a fear signal even if the individual is unaware of it, leading to heightened activity. In one experiment, participants saw a scary visage on display for a split second before changing it to a calm one. Witnesses have only mentioned seeing the calm expression. The amygdala, however, was shown to be more active in neuroimaging.


The current research highlights the significance of differentiating between two sorts of specialization when recollecting everyday experiences: the number of unique occurrences remembered and the quantity of information supplied about just the instances. Based on our findings, certain mnemonics and other circumstances have distinct effects on all these two indicators. Because of this, methods for creating either branching paths or specifics about recurring occurrences might be more successful.

Updated on: 21-Nov-2022

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