Fabric Cutting

After the marker is created, pattern pieces must be “cut” out of the designated fabric. During the cutting process, marks and notches from the garment parts may be transferred to help with sewing. A spread may also be divided into blocks of goods before being precisely cut into the desired pattern shapes. This makes it possible to manufacture cutting knives more quickly or to accurately match cloth designs. Various cutting methods, from low-tech to high-tech, are currently available.

What is Fabric Cutting?

The practise of dividing a fabric spread into garment portions that are precisely the same size and form as the pattern pieces on a marker is known as “fabric cutting,” and it is the first stage of the clothing production process (by sectioning, bending, and cutting). Marks and notches from garment parts are frequently transferred to individual pattern forms before precision cutting to let operators stitch, slice, or split a spread into blocks of distinct objects. This facilitates the fabrication of cutting knives or more accurate fabric pattern matching.

Cutting is still done by hand, particularly at many lower-volume enterprises, even though scissors are used extremely infrequently—only when working with very small batches or delicate fabrics. Electric cutting machines are used to cut through the fabric stack while being guided by cutters around the pattern pieces’ edges. To create pattern notches, use an electric drill. This system’s precision and efficiency are far lower than those of computerised cutting systems. The use of computerised cutting systems is expanding as labour prices rise and technological costs fall. Vacuum technology is used by these computer-controlled automated cutters to hold stacks of cloth in place while cutting. Depending on the type of fabric being cut, cutting blades are automatically sharpened. Although this technology is faster and more accurate than previous cutting methods, it is also far more expensive.

Factors Associated with Fabric Cutting

The following elements have an impact on how fabrics are cut

  • Nature of fabric (grainline shade, twill, etc.)

  • The thickness of the fabric.

  • Features of a final garment’s design

  • Use of equipment and tables

Fabric Cutting Requirements

The goal of cutting is to split cloth pieces into replicas of the pieces in the marker plan. In order to accomplish this goal, the following conditions must be met

  • Accuracy of the cut

  • Sharp edges

  • Infused edges

  • Backing for the lay

  • Regular cutting

The Purpose of Cutting

  • To segregate fabric components from the spread of lay according to the marker’s dimension.

  • To create the clothing with the necessary pattern and shape.

  • To get the clothing pieces ready for the next step in the manufacturing process.

Cutting Production Procedures

No matter their size, cutting rooms all employ the same fundamental method to create cutwork, with the raw material going through the same processes in the same order. When bundles of cutwork are delivered for sewing, cutting production begins with the delivery of inspected raw materials, manufacturing orders, graded patterns, and finished products.

Techniques for Cutting Fabric

There are two cutting techniques accessible in the clothing industry

Manual Fabric Cutting Method

Here, cutting is carried out with the aid of a knife, pair of scissors, drill, etc. The cutting machine’s head is where the knife is situated. In the clothing industry, the manual process is the one that is most frequently used.

Benefits of Manual Cutting

The benefits of manual cutting are

  • Simple method of cutting

  • Manpower with education is not necessary.

  • Here, the inexpensive knife is sufficient to cut the fabric.

  • Low cost of maintenance.

Disadvantages of Manual Cutting

The manual cutting method has the following drawbacks

  • Slow motion.

  • Not appropriate for industrial production.

  • Cutting speed is uncontrollable.

  • The accident has a very high intensity.

  • More expensive labour than computerised cutting techniques.

Computerized Fabric Cutting Method

Due to its higher output and less labor-intensive efficiency, the computerised cutting process is growing in popularity day by day in the current clothing manufacturing business. The computer is loaded with all programmes and runs them all in this case.

Benefits of Computerized Fabric Cutting

The benefits of computerised cutting are

  • Cutting is performed by a computer-controlled system with great efficiency.

  • Really quick cutting procedure.

  • Suited for industrial production.

  • Cutting speed is adjustable.

  • The accident has relatively little intensity.

  • No markers are required.

  • Compared to manual cutting, fabrics can be sliced 7-8 times higher.

  • Low cost of labor.

Disadvantages of Computerized Fabric Cutting

The drawbacks of computerised cutting are

  • Higher expense of upkeep.

  • It is necessary to have educated and skilled labor.

  • Such costly equipment.

  • An error message will appear if the proper disc is not loaded into the computer.

Obstacles in Fabric Cutting

The difficulties faced in the creation of clothing come in many different forms and dimensions, and they all have an impact on production effectiveness, product quality, and delivery dates.

Understanding the challenges enables the business to work toward a better solution that prevents the problems at hand. To solve cloth cutting issues, one must first comprehend the pattern of errors. As a result, examine typical mistakes first before looking for solutions. The following inquiries should be made in order to identify the pattern of errors: Improper patterns, erroneous size ratio cutting, disregarding customary fabric issuing processes, adhering to the wrong cutting plan, a delay in the start of production, a lack of knowledge, and other mistakes are among the most frequent fabric cutting faults. Cutting the garment’s faults, overcutting the item, and other mistakes


Making the garments we wear involves a lot of stages. The fabric is first delivered to the clothing manufacturer, who then stores it for conditioning. Then they laid them out for marking in accordance with the design and spread them out on the cutting table. The textiles are then cut and sent on to the sewing stage. The amount of waste produced by the cutting department is a major source of concern for the clothing producer. Therefore, cutting is the most crucial part of the garment manufacturing process.

To sum up, it is clear from the perspective of the modern clothing industry that quality is the top demand of all global consumers. Cutting is a crucial step in the production of high-quality clothing. Cutting entire pieces of fabric with care minimises fabric waste and increases business profitability.

Updated on: 03-Feb-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started