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Explain explicit wait in Selenium webdriver in Python.
An explicit wait is applied to instruct the webdriver to wait for a specific condition before moving to the other steps in the automation script.
Explicit wait is implemented using the WebDriverWait class along with expected_conditions. The expected_conditions class has a group of pre-built conditions to be used along with the WebDriverWait class.
Let us wait for the text - Team @ Tutorials Point which becomes available on clicking the link - Team on the page.
On clicking the Team link, the text Team @ Tutorials Point appears.
from selenium import webdriver from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC from selenium.webdriver.support.wait import WebDriverWait driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path='../drivers/chromedriver') #url launch driver.get("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/about/about_careers.htm") #identify element l = driver.find_element_by_link_text('Team') l.click() #expected condition for explicit wait w = WebDriverWait(driver, 5) w.until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.TAG_NAME, 'h1'))) s = driver.find_element_by_tag_name('h1') #obtain text t = s.text print('Text is: ' + t) #driver quit driver.quit()
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