Developmental Coordination Disorder



Approximately 6 % of school-aged children are diagnosed with Control Methods Problem (DCD), a fine motor disease. Based on the population under study, the male−to−female ratio might differ from two to 5. In children with DCD, motor skill delays or coordination issues make it, so they have trouble with routine activities. When a kid is diagnosed with DCD, the lack of a mental or neurological illness that may account for their difficulties with coordination is assumed. Kids with DCD are often labelled by their caregivers as "goofy" or "uncomfortable,", and they struggle with maturity−level educational and consciousness tasks such as fastening shoes or walking down a staircase.

Explaining Developmental Coordination Disorder

In DCD, there remains a disconnect between what one wants to do in one's head and what one gets the muscles to do. Even though one knows in the head, one cannot seem to get one's arms to cooperate and tie the shoes. The same thing occurs when one attempts to do items others take for granted, like a sprint, leap, scribble, or button a garment.

Symptoms of Developmental Coordination Disorder

Individuals with DCD may feel unworthy of participating in organized sports or social gatherings. Nevertheless, not exercising enough might result in one becoming overweight and having weak muscles. It is crucial to keep up with everyday social actions and physical activity if one wants to beat down the difficulties of DCD.

Common signs

It includes −

  • A shaky gait

  • Having trouble descending the stairs.

  • Tossing or letting go of something.

  • Encountering other people.

  • Having trouble keeping his balance often.

  • Issues with dressing oneself, tying shoelaces, etc.

  • Having a hard time with basic academic tasks like writing, drawing, and cutting

Causes of Developmental Coordination Disorder

There is a lack of knowledge about what triggers DCD. However, many experts attribute it to a lag in cognitive development. In most cases, the symptoms of DCD cannot be explained by any underlying medical conditions. Many people with DCD also have additional conditions, including ADD/ADHD or cognitive impairments. In any case, there is no correlation between these states. Prematurity, low birth weight, fetal discomfort, and pathological infant jaundice have all been recorded as perinatal factors. Intrauterine growth limitation, as well as delayed walking, are also significant risk factors. Other variables mentioned were being a male, advanced maternal age, threatening abortion, chronic lung illness, and coming from a low−income family.

Diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder

Diagnosing DCD is challenging since its signs are similar to those associated with other illnesses. For a prescription of DCD, according to the Diagnosis as well as Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, one should meet the following four characteristics −

  • There are noticeable lags in the child's motor skills development, and the disorder severely impairs the individual's ability to execute routine tasks and succeed academically.

  • The signs appear at an early age in the child's development.

  • Mental retardation, vision loss, and neurological illnesses all fail as explanations for fine motor deficiency.

Sensory

Over or under−response to sensory input such as contact, sight, noise, or scent is at the heart of sensory issues. For example, dyspraxic individuals may have trouble with abrasive or woollen textiles, have trouble chewing foods with much texture, dislike being caressed, and need to wear shades whenever they go outside due to the brightness of the sunlight. Those with apraxia of speech which is also auditory oversensitive, tend to avoid loud music and other situations where background noise is present. In contrast, those with apraxia who are also thermal oversensitive tend to prefer abnormally warm or chilly conditions. Problems might arise if a person is undersensitive to signals and, as a result, does not get enough of the sensory information necessary to sense where their body is in space accurately. This may make it that much more difficult to finish projects. People with dyspraxia who are insensitive to pain are more likely to damage themselves accidentally. Individuals with dyspraxia may experience hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity to certain stimuli.

Learning

Studies of children with pervasive developmental problems and typical language development have indicated that these children nevertheless struggle academically, despite their relative abilities in speech. This indicates that, for individuals with reactive attachment issues, their cognitive function capacities affect their learning difficulties. However well someone may speak a language, it is not helping them learn. The area of visual-spatial memory where students with DCD have the greatest difficulty is in reading and writing. Compared with peers lacking motor issues, kids with pervasive developmental problems are seven times as likely as normally growing students to earn extremely low results in sensory stimuli. Students with pervasive developmental problems also suffer learning difficulties due to functional cognitive problems.

Treatment of Developmental Coordination Disorder

It includes −

Physical Education

Improvements in these areas and more may be made by engaging in physical education. National teams like swimming and cycling may provide more opportunities to hone motor abilities than group sports like football and soccer. If one already has DCD, one needs to work out every day to help one's nervous system and brain learn to communicate more effectively and to lower one's chance of becoming overweight.

Therapies

Gaining independence in these areas is one of the goals of occupational therapy, and physical therapists are well−versed in various strategies designed to facilitate the completion of challenging activities. One is that OT may also collaborate with one's school to implement adjustments that would improve one's chances of academic success, such as allowing one to use a laptop to do homework instead of typing it out by hand.

Conclusion

Regrettably, DCD symptoms among kids often persist throughout adulthood. One's ability to live a healthy, productive life will be greatly enhanced by receiving the instruction and knowledge necessary to improve one's motor abilities. How optimistic one is will rely on how quickly one adjusts to living with DCD and its constraints.


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