(Compliance Testing) Conformance Testing

Software TestingAutomation TestingTesting Tools

What is Compliance Testing and What Does It Mean?

"Compliance testing," sometimes known as "Conformance testing," is a nonfunctional testing approach used to determine whether or not the system built fulfills the organization's set criteria.

The term "Non-Functional Testing" refers to a type of testing that is distinct from functional testing.

Nonfunctional testing, as the name implies, focuses on the software's nonfunctional features. These nonfunctional features can include (but are not limited to) the following −

  • Testing under load
  • Stress Analysis
  • Testing in Large Numbers
  • Operations Testing
  • Documentation Testing
  • Compliance Testing

I'm currently attempting to shed some light on the last item, Compliance Testing.

This is essentially a system audit that determines whether or not all of the required requirements have been fulfilled. A board of regulators and compliance experts is occasionally created in every organization to guarantee that the compliances are satisfied. This board ensures that the development teams are adhering to the organization's requirements.

The teams do an analysis to ensure that the standards are being followed and enforced effectively. At the same time, the regulatory body is working to strengthen standards, which will lead to higher quality. Conformance testing is another name for compliance testing. Large organizations such as IEEE (International Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) or W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) create the standards that are commonly utilized in the IT sector.

It can also be done by a third-party/independent firm that specializes in this sort of testing and service.


The following are some of the goals of compliance testing −

  • Ensure that the development and maintenance process adheres to the guidelines.

  • It makes sure that the deliverables from each phase of development comply with the established standards, processes, and guidelines.

  • Examine the project's documentation to ensure that it is accurate and thorough.

When Should Compliance Testing Be Used?

It is entirely up to management to make this decision. They must impose adequate tests to assess the degree of conformity with the approach and identify offenders if they wish to succeed. However, it's conceivable that non-compliance is due to a lack of knowledge or misinterpretation of the technique.

Management should make sure that the teams grasp the standards, processes, and approach completely. If necessary, they may provide adequate training for the squad.

It's conceivable that the standards haven't been adequately disclosed, or that the standards themselves are of inadequate quality. In this case, efforts should be taken to either correct the issue or embrace a new technique.

It is critical to do a compliance check early in the project rather than later since it will be difficult to correct the application if the requirement is not well documented.

How to Conduct a Compliance Testing?

The process of performing a compliance check is fairly simple. For each phase of the development lifecycle, a set of standards and procedures is created and documented. Each phase's deliverables must be compared against the standards to identify any gaps. This can be accomplished by the team during the inspection process, but I would suggest that it be done by an independent team.

Following the completion of the inspection process, each phase's author should be provided a list of non-compliant locations that need to be addressed. After the action items have been completed, the inspection process should be repeated to ensure that the non-conformance issues have been validated and closed.

What do we need to put to the test?

  • The standards by which the implementation is carried out

  • The system that will be developed's call

  • Specifications' scope

  • Objectives of the specification

Conformance Management initiates testing with complete confidence in the team's grasp of the standards, specifications, and processes.

To minimize ambiguity, standards and requirements should be clearly stated in order to design an efficient application. If this is not the case, then conformance testing may be used to take the required measures to make it more relevant and trustworthy.

Process of Conformance Testing

A software application's conformance testing process, also known as compliance testing, is required to assure efficiency, performance, and the avoidance of future hazards. The following is a step-by-step procedure for doing effective conformity testing −

  • Standards and Specifications Analysis

  • Choosing the right test tools and test suite

  • Procedures for Testing Design

  • Validations are being checked.

  • Adapting testing policies and certifications that are relevant

Although Conformance Testing is sometimes referred to as Compliance Testing, there are certain key differences that distinguish Conformance Testing from Compliance Testing.

The Benefits of Conformance Testing

  • Ensures that requirements are followed to the letter.

  • Ensures interoperability and portability

  • Utilizes standards in an acceptable manner.

  • Allows you to check that all of your interfaces and functions are operating properly.

  • Helps to distinguish between areas that must be adhered to and those that must not, such as syntax and semantics.

Conformance Testing's Drawbacks

Like other forms of testing, Conformance Testing includes some jobs that are tough to do and can be a problem. The following are some of them −

  • To successfully execute conformance testing, it is necessary to determine the system class that needs to be tested as well as the appropriate technique.

  • Profiles, Levels, and Modules are used to categorize specifications.

  • Values are set in advance.

  • Creating extensions, choices, and techniques to ensure a successful testing process.

Critical Views on Conformance Testing

There are several aspects of conformance testing that require extra attention and understanding in order to be implemented successfully.

  • Methodologies for testing that are most suited

  • Choosing a testing instrument that will automate the procedure

  • Conformance is well understood. Non-conformance testing rather than conformance testing

  • Defining how formally it should be conducted is the first step in designing and implementing a conformance testing program.

  • Regulations and policies

Conformance Testing for Mobile Systems

Mobile systems, like other forms of software, may be subjected to conformance testing. After the system has been constructed, it is put through a conformance test to ensure that it is fit for purpose before being deployed.

The tests are carried out according to the kind of network, such as GSM or CDMA, in order to ensure compliance and compatibility.

These tests may involve the following −

  • Protocol Testing
  • Safety/Security Testing
  • SIM card Testing
  • Radio Frequency(RF) Testing
  • Audio Tests
  • Specific Absorption Tests

Difference between Conformance Testing and Compliance testing

The following table highlights the major differences between Conformance Testing and Compliance Testing −

Conformance TestingCompliance Testing
  • Conformance Testing is a method of ensuring that standards are met in a formal and exact manner.
  • Compliance testing is a less formal and exact method of evaluating standards.
  • Only the operating system with an official Certification Authority is eligible for certification of conformance
  • A compliant operating system is one that supports a single POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface) API.
  • Conformance testing is performed to ensure that a system meets all of the requirements of a set of standards.
  • Compliance testing is a method of evaluating a system's ability to support a set of standards.


Type testing, often known as conformance testing, is a formal method of testing. It's used to see if the system adheres to the requirements specifications. Stress testing, load testing, volume testing, and compliance testing are all included.

It is also known as compliance testing, but there are some key distinctions between the two. Conformance Testing Programs, Testing Methodologies, and Test Tools are just some of the most crucial aspects of compliance testing.

Conformance Testing in Software Engineering provides assurance for standard usage and interoperability.

Mobile Systems are also subjected to conformance testing.

Updated on 01-Nov-2021 08:30:18