Cluster Headache

This occurs in around 20 percentage points of those who suffer from persistent headaches. Roughly one percent of the population suffers from cluster headaches. As a result, they are less common than migraine. However, some individuals experience both. Cluster headaches tend to strike seen between the ages of 10 and 19. It was previously believed that males were more likely to suffer from frequent and severe headaches and are now considered threats to both men and women. Both current smokers and heavy drinkers are at increased risk for cluster headaches. Cluster headache sufferers are more likely to have sleep apnea than the general population.

What is Cluster Headache?

Cluster migraines are often more painfully unpleasant than migraines. Both tensions, as well as migraine issues have been considered the most common kind of headaches by doctors. The name for cluster headaches comes from the symptoms experienced by those who suffer from the ailment. Most people get them all at once, in groups, and then they will go away for some time. A migraine's average duration is ten minutes, while some might linger as long as 1.5 hours. As many as seven of these headaches might strike one day. Furthermore, this might continue for a while, perhaps months. After that, for poorly understood causes, the clusters tend to halt. After a while (months to years), the headaches stop. However, there are always some who seem to have it worse off. They get persistent cluster headaches that do not go away.


It all kicks off when one's brain's pain center signals. There is no connection between the main headache and any other health problem.


Initiate due to the presence of another illness. These headaches may be brought on by many different factors, such as fatigue, runny nose, or an ear infection.

The Nickname Cluster Headache

Cluster headaches have been referred to by the less sympathetic moniker "suicide headaches." Named after the high suicide rate among persons who have or fear cluster headaches. Some cluster headache sufferers may feel hopeless because of this misconception. Nevertheless, doctors and nurses are here to ease one's suffering.

Symptoms of Cluster Headache

When symptoms occur, they often peak between 10 and 15 minutes later. One of the most common signs is discomfort on just one side of the head, often accompanied by additional signs affecting the affected side's eyes, nose, and body.


  • Often compared to a stinging or searing sensation.

  • Typically, 15 mins. - 3 hrs.

  • Affects the same part of the head in each cycle; this side may sometimes swap in the future but is unlikely.

  • Typically located just behind the eye but also potentially affecting the cheek, nose, and gums on the same side.

  • Unlike migraines, which are relieved by lying down, it might help one feel like one have to pace and cannot sit still.

Eye Problems

  • Possible side effects include eyelid droop, discomfort, and excessive tear production. It is possible that one's eye's dark center, or pupil, may seem smaller. These signs and symptoms appear on the same side of the brain as the discomfort.

Causes of Cluster Headache

Cluster headaches remain a mystery to medical professionals, and their understanding of their origins remains limited at best. Cluster headaches are a special case of trigeminal autonomic cephalgia, characterized by pain in the first cranial nerve (trigeminal nerve) and origins in the hypothalamus. Extreme pain on either side of the face, most noticeably around or around the eye, and tears are typical symptoms.

Triggers of Cluster Headache

These are −

Pain − People who suffer from cluster headaches often endure long stretches without experiencing any pain. The change in seasons is commonly linked to the return of headaches. Hypothalamic connections are speculated to have a role in tension headaches, and therefore this might happen. One's "circadian clock," an internal clock that adjusts its schedule based on the amount of daylight, is located in this area of one's brain.

Habits − Brain blood vessels alter throughout headache episodes. Due to these alterations, one's tolerance for alcohol and nicotine will decrease. A headache might develop after even a single drink. Hangovers are often exacerbated by, or even caused, smoking.

Treatment of Cluster Headache

It includes −

Abortive − In many cases, a migraine may subside before one can go to a doctor. In contrast, several treatments may end a cluster migraine if one seeks help early enough. Injections and nasal sprays are two administration methods that medical professionals may use, and Dihydroergotamine and zolmitriptan are other examples.

Surgery − Doctors for cluster headaches have attempted operations. They will not be able to stop them very well, however. Scientists are now testing newer medicines to discover whether they are effective. Mild electrical activity of the neck is one such method. An alternative involves inserting medical equipment through the upper gums to provide electrical stimulation.


Headaches are common and may occur for several causes. Nonetheless, headaches are distinctive from other types of head pain. Consult one's doctor if one gets frequent, intense headaches. Cluster headaches, a robust disorder, may cause one is suffering.