Chemistry - Biomolecules

person icon Studi Live

Chemistry - Biomolecules

Complete Chemistry for Engineering and Medical Entrance Exam Preparation. (State Board | CBSE Board | ICSE Board | IIT JEE Main | Advanced | BITSAT | SAT | NEET etc.)

updated on icon Updated on Sep, 2023

language icon Language - English

person icon Studi Live

architecture icon Test Prep,Teaching & Academics,Science,Chemistry


30-days Money-Back Guarantee

Training 5 or more people ?

Get your team access to 19,000+ top Tutorialspoint courses anytime, anywhere.

Course Description

Carbohydrates are optically active polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones or molecules which provide such units on hydrolysis. They are broadly classified into three groups — monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides. Glucose, the most important source of energy for mammals, is obtained by the digestion of starch. Monosaccharides are held together by glycosidic linkages to form disaccharides or polysaccharides.

Proteins are the polymers of about twenty different α-amino acids which are linked by peptide bonds. Ten amino acids are called essential amino acids because they cannot be synthesised by our body, hence must be provided through diet. Proteins perform various structural and dynamic functions in the organisms. Proteins which contain only α-amino acids are called simple proteins. The secondary or tertiary structure of proteins get disturbed on change of pH or temperature and they are not able to perform their functions. This is called denaturation of proteins. Enzymes are biocatalysts which speed up the reactions in biosystems. They are very specific and selective in their action and chemically all enzymes are proteins. 

Vitamins are accessory food factors required in the diet. They are classified as fat soluble (A, D, E and K) and water soluble (Β group and C). Deficiency of vitamins leads to many diseases.

Nucleic acids are the polymers of nucleotides which in turn consist of a base, a pentose sugar and phosphate moiety. Nucleic acids are responsible for the transfer of characters from parents to offsprings. There are two types of nucleic acids — DNA and RNA. DNA contains a five carbon sugar molecule called 2-deoxyribose whereas RNA contains ribose. Both DNA and RNA contain adenine, guanine and cytosine. The fourth base is thymine in DNA and uracil in RNA. The structure of DNA is a double strand whereas RNA is a single strand molecule. DNA is the chemical basis of heredity and have the coded message for proteins to be synthesised in the cell. There are three types of RNA — mRNA, rRNA and tRNA which actually carry out the protein synthesis in the cell.


What will you learn in this course:

  • Classification of carbohydrates
  • Structures of the biomolecules structures of carbohydrates and proteins
  • Important biomolecules
  • Correlate the physical properties and chemical reactions of these carbohydrates
  • Importance of vitamins in daily food materials for healthy body
  • The various uses of biomolecules


What are the prerequisites for this course?

  • Basic understanding of chemistry and math's
Chemistry - Biomolecules


Check out the detailed breakdown of what’s inside the course

20 Lectures
  • play icon Carbohydrates 12:21 12:21
  • play icon Carbohydrates (Classification) 08:55 08:55
  • play icon Classification of Carbohydrates (Based on Solubility Reducing Property) 09:49 09:49
  • play icon Preparation of Glucose 11:45 11:45
  • play icon Chemical Properties ((HI NH2OH HCN) 08:38 08:38
  • play icon Bromine Water and Nitric Acid 04:39 04:39
  • play icon Fischer Projection Formula 10:32 10:32
  • play icon Haworth Projection Formula 11:00 11:00
  • play icon Haworth Projection Formula (Fructose) 09:16 09:16
  • play icon Structure of Disaccharides 12:01 12:01
  • play icon Structure of Polysaccharides 09:19 09:19
  • play icon Classification of Proteins 04:40 04:40
  • play icon Amino Acids 05:40 05:40
  • play icon Peptide Bond 06:14 06:14
  • play icon Structure of Protein Part - 1 12:05 12:05
  • play icon Structure of Protein Part - 2 10:14 10:14
  • play icon Denaturation of Proteins 04:41 04:41
  • play icon Enzymes 10:19 10:19
  • play icon Nucleic Acids 10:54 10:54
  • play icon DNA Double Helix 07:31 07:31

Instructor Details

Studi Live

Studi Live

Studi.Live is an Indian educational venture based in Mumbai. The founders of this portal are into education and technology domains since more than 20 years. Studi.Live currently offers online and live lectures for IITJEE and NEET preparation. The portal will eventually add courses for school students from 5th to 12th, Olympiads, Professional Courses, Commerce and Software Programming for all levels. The Studi.Live portal, as the name suggests, offers online live lectures in interactive mode. The site uses highly safe and secure WEBEX platform for online lectures. Unlike most of the other edtech portals, Studi.Live is a collaborative and activity-based platform which strives to conform to the New Education Policy by the Government of India. The Studi.Live portal has been created considering the student needs and how to keep them engaged in online studies. Online studies on any portal are known to create fatigue and drop-outs quickly. Hence, our portal has been designed to keep the students engaged in self activities on the portal – students can do offline activities and update on the portal. The Studi.Live portal offers HD videos on lightboard with lots of images and animation to make the concept engaging and simple to understand. Our objective has been to provide a one stop platform where students can view videos, read books, attempt tests, participate in discussion forums, create Wiki, and attend live lectures. Studi.Live provides round the clock 24×7 support via email and online chat to resolve technical issues which students may face and for subject matter doubts we have online sessions every week. Studi.Live has a huge repository of close to 50,000 minutes of recorded videos on lightboard, and digital board for anytime omnichannel view. More than 150 books in flip-format, more than 3 lakh questions, and hundreds of blogs to read from. What more, the Studi.Live portal has Level-up game where for every click and every keyboard stroke, students earn points (be it reading books, attempting tests, viewing videos, writing on forums, creating Wiki, or playing games) and compete to be on top of the ladder. By collecting level-up game points, students can go up to 10 levels and transform themselves from a learning NINJA to expert SAMURAI. We have open challenge to our students, if you collect more than 25,000 points on Studi.Live portal, you have a great chance to clear the IITJEE or NEET. Who else gives this promise? We know your potential and our strength.

Course Certificate

User your certification to make a career change or to advance in your current career. Salaries are among the highest in the world.

sample Tutorialspoint certificate

Our students work
with the Best

Related Video Courses

View More

Annual Membership

Become a valued member of Tutorials Point and enjoy unlimited access to our vast library of top-rated Video Courses

Subscribe now
People having fun around a laptop

Online Certifications

Master prominent technologies at full length and become a valued certified professional.

Explore Now
People having fun around a laptop

Talk to us