Catenation is the ability of an atom to form bonds with other atoms of the same element. It is exhibited by both carbon and silicon. Compare the ability of catenation of the two elements. Give reasons.

AcademicChemistryNCERTClass 10

The ability of an element to form bonds with other atoms of the same element is known as catenation. It is exhibited by carbon and silicon.

The ability of catenation in carbon is greater than in silicon. The nucleus of carbon exerts a greater force of attraction on the shared pair of electrons and holds them firmly to form covalent bonds. This is the reason behind the ability of carbon to hold n number of atoms. But due to weak bonds, these compounds are unstable.

Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:27:40