Biodiversity and Conservation Concept Map


What is Biodiversity Conservation?

Biodiversity conservation is one of the major concerns today. Biodiversity conservation can be defined as the conservation, promotion, and management of life forms present on planet earth to achieve sustainable benefits for present and future generations and for the greater good of all species.

Biodiversity conservation has the following main objectives −

  • Conservation of biological diversity - Every species presents on planet Earth Sustainable use of species and ecosystems

  • Conservation of life support systems and basic ecological processes

What is Biodiversity and Conservation Concept Map?

The biodiversity conservation concept provides insight into the distribution of biodiversity around the world. It can be used to identify areas of importance for biodiversity conservation and preserving different species, ecosystems, and habitats.

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Importance of Conserving Biodiversity

There are around 8.7 million species of plants and animals inhabiting planet Earth, and people are increasingly aware of the need to conserve this biodiversity. The loss of biodiversity can have severe consequences on the well-being of human beings and the environment as wells.

Biodiversity has several benefits for human beings. It provides us with food, medicine, and other significant resources life needs. It also plays an important role in regulating the environment, including climate, water supply, and air quality. The loss of biodiversity can result in the loss of these benefits. Not only humans but every life will suffer the consequences.

For example, if a species extinct, it can no longer provide us with food, medicine, or other resources. In addition, the loss of species can disrupt the balance of the ecosystem and lead to unintended consequences. The loss of apex predators can lead to an increase in prey populations, resulting in increased disease spread or decreased soil quality.

It is important to conserve biodiversity not only on behalf of humans but also on behalf of the environment. When a species goes extinct, it can never be replaced, and the loss of biodiversity can have serious environmental consequences.

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So, how can we conserve biodiversity?

Biodiversity and Its Conservation Methods

The diversity of life on earth can be defined as biodiversity. It can be conserved in the following ways −

  • Ex-situ preservation

  • In-situ preservation

In-situ biodiversity preservation is the way species conservation occurs in natural habitats. With this method, the natural ecosystem is maintained and protected. On-site protection has several advantages.

The following are important benefits of In-situ preservation −

  • This is the most economical and easiest way to conserve biodiversity.

  • Often a large number of living organisms are conserved at the same time.

  • Since organisms are part of natural ecosystems, they thrive better and can more easily respond to different environmental conditions.

National parks, nature reserves, and biosphere reserves are designated sites for on-site conservation, including −

  • Biosphere Reserves − Biosphere Reserves can be defined as multifunctional protected areas that protect wildlife, the traditional way of life of the people, as well as native plants and animals. Tourism and research activities are allowed here.

  • National Parks − These are small nature reserves managed by the government. The boundaries are well fenced and human and animal activities such as grazing, forestry, habitat, and breeding are prohibited. For example, Kanha National Park, and Bandipur National Park.

  • Wildlife Sanctuary − A wildlife sanctuary is a place where only wild animals can be found. Human activities such as logging, cultivation, and harvesting of timber, and other forest products are allowed here as long as they do not interfere with conservation projects. Tourists also visit this resort.

Ex-situ biodiversity conservation includes the cultivation and preservation of species in artificial ecosystems such as zoos, nurseries, botanical gardens, gene banks, and others. There is minimal competition for food, water, and space between organisms.

Ex-situ conservation has the following advantages −

  • Animals receive a longer period of time and breeding activity.

  • Species raised in captivity are often reintroduced into the wild.

  • Genetic techniques are often used to protect species.

Let us now see what strategies can we apply to conserve biodiversity.

Biodiversity Conservation Strategy

There are various strategies to conserve biodiversity. Some of these strategies are as follows −

  • Determination of protected areas − Protected areas are land or water areas that function to preserve biodiversity. These areas can be national parks, nature reserves, marine parks, or wildlife reserves.

  • Promote Sustainable Practices − Sustainable practices are practices that do no damage or degrade the environment. Sustainable practices can include using recycled materials, saving energy, reducing waste, and planting trees.

  • Promoting Conservation Awareness − Conservation awareness involves educating people about the importance of biodiversity and the ways they can help conserve it. Conservation awareness can be achieved through school programs, community campaigns, and community events.

  • Funding of research and nature conservation projects − Governments, nongovernmental organizations, and private companies can fund research and nature conservation projects to conserve biodiversity. These projects may include studying the ecology of endangered species, restoring damaged ecosystems, and developing new conservation strategies.


Thus, this detailed tutorial explained the concept map can be used for a better understanding of the significance of biodiversity.

Updated on 13-Oct-2022 11:19:47