Basic Humans Needs and Peace

Basic needs refer to the fundamental requirements for human survival and development, including food, shelter, clean water, healthcare, education, and employment. While the concept of basic needs has been widely recognized and studied, many people worldwide still need access to these necessities. Focusing on basic needs is crucial to achieving well-being and sustainable development. This article explores the importance of basic needs and their role in promoting human flourishing and sustainable development.

The Importance of Basic Needs

Basic needs are essential for human survival and well-being. Without access to these necessities, individuals and communities may suffer from poor health, malnutrition, and inadequate living conditions. Lack of access to basic needs also perpetuates poverty and inequality, as individuals cannot meet their basic needs, let alone pursue opportunities for economic and social advancement.

Therefore, ensuring access to basic needs is a critical first step in promoting sustainable development and human flourishing. Basic needs are essential because they serve as a foundation for all other aspects of life. When basic needs are met, individuals can focus on other essential aspects of their lives, such as relationships, work, and personal growth. If basic needs are not met, individuals may struggle to survive and experience negative consequences such as poor health, reduced productivity, and increased stress.

Meeting Physiological Needs

The first and most critical basic needs category is physiological, which includes food, water, shelter, and clothing. Without these necessities, individuals cannot survive. Meeting physiological needs is the first step in ensuring a good quality of life. Access to clean water, adequate food, and safe shelter are essential for survival and play a crucial role in maintaining good health.

Ensuring Safety Needs

The second basic needs category is safety, which includes physical safety, financial security, and protection from harm. Safety needs are essential because they provide a sense of security and stability. Individuals who feel safe can better focus on other aspects of their lives, such as work and relationships. To meet safety needs, individuals may seek employment and financial stability and live in a safe and secure environment.

Importance of Love and Belonging

The third basic needs category is love and belonging, which includes social interaction, friendship, and family. Love and belonging are essential because they provide a sense of connection and purpose. Without social interaction and relationships, individuals may feel lonely and isolated, leading to negative consequences such as depression and anxiety.

Importance of Esteem Needs

The fourth basic needs category is esteem, which includes respect, recognition, and a sense of achievement. Esteem needs are essential because they provide a sense of self-worth and self-esteem. Individuals who feel respected and recognized are better able to achieve their goals and pursue personal growth. Individuals may seek recognition and achievement through their work, hobbies, and personal goals to meet esteem needs.

Self-Actualization Needs

The final basic needs category is self-actualization, which includes personal growth, creativity, and fulfilling one's potential. Self-actualization needs are essential because they provide a sense of purpose and fulfillment. Individuals who can pursue their passions and interests are more likely to lead fulfilling lives. Individuals may pursue personal growth and creative endeavors and explore their potential to meet self-actualization needs.

Basic Need and Peace

Conflicts and violent activities come from a lack of societal acceptance and an issue of dignity, political access, and power. The riots were not indiscriminate burning and looting but were directed towards individuals who had treated members of another ethnic community with contempt. Furthermore, this must be maintained throughout time. Building new institutions, whether official or informal, is likely the solution. Edward Azar provided suggestions for explaining the length of disputes and the persistent failure of conflict resolution in his work on 'protracted social conflict' twenty years later. He was concerned, for example, with the civil war in Lebanon, which had lasted for more than a decade at the time of writing.

This way of thinking is rooted in a materialist theoretical heritage and plays a vital role in class analysis. However, Marxist thinkers have yet to reach an understanding of conflict resolution. On the contrary, most Marxist thought is predicated on continual warfare, which only ends with the defeat of the current oppressive system, Capitalism. Negotiation and compromise were not included in the political formula or the scholarly investigation. Only under the reformist, the Social Democratic version of Capitalism was internal strife bearable. When Soviet officials claimed in the late 1950s that peaceful cohabitation with Capitalism was conceivable, they caused a schism with more traditional Communism, such as the People's Republic of China under Mao Tse-tung.

Another source of conflict arising from dissatisfaction is the perspective of viewing revolution as the result of unmet demands. Theories of deprivation have been thoughtfully considered and empirically tested in various books. The outcomes are mixed. Ted R. Gurr found support for relative deprivation' as a systematic means for disagreements to become violent in his detailed examination of relative deprivation. Gurr cites elements related to escalation into violent conflict in his later work on ethnic groups, most notably the detrimental impacts of removing autonomy for a specific community. It frequently becomes a significant motivation for the group to revolt. The remark is related to Coser's thoughts on dignity and political access.

These thinkers use terms like frustration and deprivation. They offer an examination of societal dissatisfaction. In a particular civilization, basic needs are not addressed; instead, they are out of reach for a group, which grows disappointed. This irritation either causes or feeds the dispute. It is similar to classic research on frustration as a cause of violence and aggression as a cause of frustration, which has sparked much debate and modification. For example, it has been asked if violence is the only method to express dissatisfaction and if there are any alternative causes for frustration and conflict behavior. Coser confines his argument to the lack of dignity and access rather than other unfulfilled goals.

The Role of Basic Needs in Sustainable Development

Sustainable development refers to a development model that seeks to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Basic needs are integral to sustainable development as they provide the foundation for social, economic, and environmental progress. Meeting basic needs such as access to clean water and education positively impacts health, income, and overall well-being. As individuals and communities can meet their basic needs, they are better positioned to participate in the economy and society, leading to more significant economic growth and development.

The Importance of Basic Needs in Human Flourishing

Basic needs are also essential for human flourishing, which refers to developing and realizing one's full potential. Access to basic needs enables individuals to pursue their goals and aspirations, leading to greater well-being and fulfillment. Basic needs such as education and healthcare also provide individuals with the knowledge and tools necessary to make informed decisions about their lives and contribute to society. Individuals can participate fully in their communities by meeting basic needs and leading meaningful and fulfilling lives.


Focusing on basic needs is critical to achieving sustainable development and promoting human flourishing. Access to basic needs provides the foundation for social, economic, and environmental progress, enabling individuals and communities to participate fully in society and pursue their goals and aspirations. However, many people around the world still need access to these necessities. Addressing these challenges requires a comprehensive approach that includes policies and investments to improve infrastructure, reduce poverty and inequality, and mitigate the effects of natural disasters and environmental degradation. By prioritizing basic needs, we can create a world in which everyone has the opportunity to flourish and reach their full potential.

Updated on: 14-Mar-2023


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