Bal Gangadhar Tilak


Bal Gangadhar Tilak other name was Lokmanya Tilak was the head of the Indian Independence Movement. He was part of the extremist faction. His other name was Father of India Unrest. He was the head of the Fergusson College in Pune. He was head of the Indian Home Rule League. The Lucknow Pact with Mohammad Ali Jinnah was finished by him in the year 1916 and concluded Hindu- Muslim unity as a national struggle.

Who was Bal Gangadhar Tilak?

Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born in Ratnagiri in the year July 23, 1856. He was a famous scholar and mathematician and also a famous nationalist who make India a free country. He made his law against British rule which helped India for getting independence. The charge of murder was imposed on him for which he was in prison for 18 years. In Bhagavad Gita it is mentioned that the murderer of the persecutor must not be blamed. After 18 years a couple of British officers was brutally murdered by the civilians of India for this several steps were taken by the government

The Tilak again joined the Indian National Congress camp in the year 1916 which he had exited due to political issues. The head of the home rule league was Bal Gangadhar Tilak and he simply transformed the Ganesh puja into a religious festival. From a religious point of view, he gained momentum and approved the Sarvajanik Ganesh Mahotsav in the state of Maharashtra. He was the main highlighter and enlightened in the Hindu scriptures his intelligence and point of view on politics

Bal Gangadhar Tilak: Early life and Carrier

Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a man who was from a medium-class family of Brahman. He was from The Arabian sea coast in the state of Maharashtra. When he realised that the people of the nation were following the selfless ideals of work but later he pointed out that when the working people were keeping aside their money for themselves then he left. He launched a couple of newspapers in the local language one in Marathi and another one in English. For this, he faced many negative feedbacks but he never gets worried about it.

He believed that without self-belief and self-rule progression is not possible. He is called the extremist leader and was named Lal-Bal-Pal along with the Lala Rajput Rai and Bipinchandra Pal who fought against the British Empire to make India a democratic country. He does not believe in western culture and said that people must take pleasure in their legacy. He fought for some famous revolutionaries Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bose for them he remained in jail for six years. He has written or reported several things for those revolutionaries. He dominated the culture and power of the Muslims as he used to oppose them by making symbolism earlier in the 17th century.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak: Rise to national prominence

The work of Bal Gangadhar Tilak rose the popularity among the Indians. Later a dispute occurred between Tilak and the British Government and this dispute resulted in the imprisonment of Tilak. Due to their imprisonment, he got popularity among the ordinary people of the country and was known as Lokamanya. The partition of Bengal was opposed by him and he also started to quit the British goods.

Several policies of his resulted in successful boycotting of goods and this concept was later initiated by Mahatma Gandhi who created a nonviolent journey with the British which is called the satyagraha movement. He was a member of The Indian National Congress and he was also the extremist leader who believed in independence rather than peaceful reforms or any types of policies. He was loyal to the congress party thus he initiated the INC to take part in his militant forces and programs. He was a member of INC in the year 1890.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s: Social Veiws

Some of his social views of him were that he was against British policy and wanted to quit the British goods and take joy in their culture. He also opposed the education of Hindu women where he said that no Hindu women should get modern education. He gained the bill that was stating the marriage of a woman at the age of 10 to 12 years. He was opposed to the interference of brush in Indian culture. He was the leader who encouraged the Swadeshi movement as this was part of India's independence. He wanted to avoid British goods and was against western cultures.


The swadeshi movement was encouraged by him and thus produced Bombay Swadeshi Stores. From a religious point of view he started the Ganesh Festival which is now the most popular festival in entire Maharashtra, he was a member of the Congress party and made them take part in his military reforms to fight against the British policy. He was also known as Lal-Bal-Pal and was sourced as the extremist leader. After Lord Curzon made the partition of Bengal, Tilak opposed it and was against western culture. He fought for many revolutionaries and gets imprisoned for several years. He fought hard against the British to give India freedom.


Q1. What was the importance of Bal Gangadhar Tilak?

The policies and reforms for the swadeshi movement approached him and he was against the British reforms. He defeated the culture and power of the Muslims

Q2. What words of Bal Gangadhar Tilak against the British?

He approached and initiated that swaraj is the motherland of every people of India. He encouraged the people to fight for their rights and freedom and established military forces.

Q3. What was the help of Bal Gangadhar Tilak in Indian History?

He was against the western culture and was against the British reforms. He introduced his forces to counter the policies of the British. He does not let the bengal get partitioned and also encouraged the people of India about the importance of freedom and political policies.