Attitude: Meaning and Functioins

Emotions, according to scientists, are learned biases that influence one's assessments of events and objects. This could involve assessments of various entities, such as individuals, topics, items, and occurrences. It is common for such assessments to be either favorable or unfavorable, although they may sometimes be ambiguous. One may, for instance, feel conflicted about an individual or topic. Scientists have posited that sentiments are composed of several distinct factors. Mindset elements may be broken down into the CAB as well as ABCs.

What does Attitude Defines?

An approach is a strong opinion about anything, whether favorable, unfavorable, or neutral. It is a way to share thoughts about how one feels about a certain situation. These factors greatly influence how we interpret and respond to the world. A negative personality results from a nuanced interplay between thoughts, emotions, and inclinations regarding a particular topic.

How is Attitude Formed?

Following are the major ways of attitude formation

Experience through Others

Perspectives are shaped immediately by one's life experiences. Both first-hand observation and second-hand perception may give rise to such insights.

Social Factors of an Individual

Attitudes may be strongly impacted by one's social context or societal standards. Assumptions about appropriate habits vary depending on a person's social standing. The guidelines established by a community about what constitutes acceptable habits are known as social standards.

Learning Abilities of a Person

There are several methods for teaching oneself a new mindset. Think about how commercials employ stimulus and response to alter one's opinion of a subject. Commercials for sports drinks often feature attractive young individuals enjoying a good time on a beachfront somewhere exotic. As a result of seeing these pleasant visuals, one will start associating this drink with feelings of pleasure.

Conditioning through the Surroundings

As with conditioning, classical conditioning may be used to shape beliefs and habits. Let us pretend a small boy has just taken up smoking. People protest, scold, and urge daniel to leave the premises every time he smokes a cigarette. Due to the constant criticism from his friends and family, he begins to get a bad impression of cigarettes and chooses to quit.

Observations Made by a Person

Ultimately, one might pick up a new perspective by studying the individuals in one's social circle. Whenever a person one looks up to publicly supports a specific viewpoint, one is more inclined to adopt that stance oneself. For instance, kids learn much about perspective by seeing their grandparents and often share those views.

Reasons Behind Changing Attitude

Major reasons behind changing attitude are

Learning Theory of Attitude

Attitude modification is possible via applying conditioning, instrumental conditioning, and vicarious learning. Through positive associations, cognitive behavioral therapy can teach people to have favorable thoughts toward a certain thing, individual, or event. It is possible to utilize behavioral modification to reinforce favorable perceptions while dampening their opposites. Mindset shifts are possible due to seeing everyone else's actions.

Elaboration Likelihood Theory

According to this idea of persuading, there are two approaches to getting individuals to change their minds. The first step in changing someone's mind is getting them to hear and consider the data. According to the author's traits, they might have a momentary or superficial alteration in mindset. Wanted to think and rational statements are now more inclined to result in long-lasting habitual shifts.

Alteration in Attitude Theory

It was already established that individuals might alter their minds when encountering inconsistencies in their views. People typically adjust their perspectives to alleviate the stress caused by holding contradictory views.

Functions of Attitudev

Major functions of attitude are

Knowledge of an Individual

Life's significance is a product of one's outlook. Our desire to live in a predictable and predictable environment is reflected in the data function. Because of this, we can anticipate what will most likely occur, giving us a feeling of power. Our thoughts may be structured as well as arranged our experiences for us. A user's mindset may be used as a predictor of their actions. If we assume someone attends Church regularly because of their religious beliefs, we assume this is the case.

Adaptation by the Person

Individuals will respect and like one more if one has and express generally accepted values and beliefs. This occurs, for instance, when employees or students provide positive feedback to their superiors or professors and refrain from speaking out when they realize their viewpoint is uncommon. Once again, words are only sometimes necessary to convey meaning. The adaptable resources are designed for us to blend with a peer class, and our opinions reflect our membership in that group. Naturally, flock toward and adopt the perspectives of individuals they admire.

Effecting the Ego of a Person

By "selfish and self functionality," we mean the tendency to maintain beliefs that either boost our sense of self-worth or provide an out for habits that leave us feeling bad about ourselves. For instance, if a youngster has been humiliated in a physical education class, he or she may try to protect himself by acquiring a strong dislike for all forms of physical activity. There are psychological undertones to this role. One way positive self-views act as a shield is by allowing us to preserve our sense of identity better. The essential tenet of the functionalist perspective is that an individual's mindset serves as a buffer between internal requirements and the demands of the external environment.


From the decisions individuals make regarding how they spend their time to the habits they develop to enhance their well-being daily, mindsets significantly influence human habits. A much more optimistic perception of life or a revised viewpoint in light of fresh facts might result from gaining insight into the origins and mutability of one's views.

Updated on: 22-Dec-2022


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