Arikamedu

Social ScienceAncient Indian History

Introduction

The fact that ancient India engaged in perilous trade with the Roman Empire is simply unknown to the vast majority of people, except for a few archaeologists and historians. Even as early as the third century BC, traders from the Mediterranean began to assemble in considerable numbers in the southernmost part of India. Among these regions, Arikamedu, located in the Union Territory of Puducherry, is considered one of the most important. Don de Nardi was the name given to this part of the Union Territory of Puducherry back around two thousand years ago.

Importance of the Arikamedu

Arikamedu has been placed in the same category as the civilizations of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.

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History

In comparison to all of the other Roman trading sites in India, Arikamedu is the one that has garnered the most excellent attention in history, archaeology, and economic circles throughout the world.

This location of Arikamedu can be found on the southeast coast of India, on the right bank of the river Ariyankuppam, approximately seven kilometres south of the town of Pondicherry. It is thought that the name Arikamedu originated from the Tamil word Aruhan Medu, which means "mouth of the exalted one." This is most likely a reference to the Buddhist statues found in the surrounding area. This location served as a hub for commercial activity.

Almost three hundred years ago, Arikamedu was inhabited as a coastal village. Approximately between 1900 to 2200 years ago, this settlement on the seaside was first settled. Arikamedu used to be an important port of call for ships coming from all over the world, and these ships would unload their cargo here. Because of this, the city became a significant location. The fact that the Arikamedu coast is home to many warehouses is evidence of the region's importance.

Pottery

Pottery belonging to the Mediterranean region, such as amphora and stamped redglazed pottery, was also discovered by historians in Arikamedu. This is evidence that Arikamedu was a commercial centre for lands located further away.

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Arrentine Ware is a pottery style with a red glaze and is decorated on the surface with Roman figures. Although they were produced in Italy, potteries of this sort were discovered in Arikamedu. In addition, we found a great deal of pottery decorated with Roman motifs and glassware and gems, all of which lend more support to the proposition that trading took place. The fact that historians discovered small tanks used to colour clothing is evidence that the region was responsible for the development of the craft.

In addition, we discovered many semiprecious stones used to manufacture beads, which is more evidence that the craft had developed. The archaeologists also found pottery bearing inscriptions in Tamil Brahmi.

The city of Rome

Rome was one of the oldest cities in all of Europe. It is believed that the city of Rome developed during the same period that the towns in the Gunga Valley were developing. Rome served as the capital of a vast empire, which encompassed a large portion of the continents of Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. Augustus, a very significant individual and Emperor who ruled nearly two millennia ago, was in power throughout that time. He asserts that when he took over Rome, it was a city made of bricks, but he transformed it into a town made of marble throughout his reign.

Augustus and the Roman monarchs who succeeded him were responsible for constructing many palaces and temples in Rome. They were built in the form of amphitheatres, which are essentially just open spaces encircled by seating for spectators. These amphitheatres played host to various diverse events, including public baths and shows. The men and women arrived at the amphitheatres at various times, and this is where they came to unwind after their performances. The commerce and artefacts that Rome and Arikamedu engaged in throughout their history provide evidence of the connections between the two places.

FAQs

Q1. Where is Arikamedu and what is its significance?

Ans. Arikamedu is located in the Union Territory of Puducherry. In the third century BC, traders from the Mediterranean began to assemble in considerable numbers in the southernmost part of India. Among these regions, Arikamedu, is considered one of the most important. Arikamedu is the one that has garnered the most excellent attention in history, archaeology, and economic circles throughout the world. It has been placed in the same category as the civilizations of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.

Q2. Discuss Arikamedu as a trade centre

Ans. Between 1900 and 2200 years ago, people first started living in Arikamedu town by the sea. Arikamedu used to be a very important port where ships from all over the world would stop and unload their goods. Due to this, the city became a very important place. The fact that the Arikamedu coast is home to many warehouses is evidence of the region's importance. Pottery belonging to the Mediterranean region, such as amphora and stamped red-glazed pottery, was also discovered by historians in Arikamedu. This is evidence that Arikamedu was used as a commercial centre for lands located further away.

Q3. What kind of pottery and artefacts were discovered in Arikamedu?

Ans. Pottery belonging to the Mediterranean region, such as amphora and stamped redglazed pottery, was also discovered by historians in Arikamedu. In addition, we also found a great deal of pottery decorated with Roman motifs and glassware and gems.

The fact that historians discovered small tanks used to colour clothing is evidence that the region was responsible for the development of the craft. Many semiprecious stones used to manufacture beads were also discovered. The archaeologists also found pottery bearing inscriptions in Tamil Brahmi.

Q4. Describe the city of Rome.

Ans. Rome was one of Europe's most ancient cities. Rome is thought to have developed around the same time as the towns of the Gunga Valley. Rome served as the capital of a vast empire that spanned the continents of Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. Augustus, a significant person and Emperor who ruled nearly two millennia ago, was in power throughout that time. He claims that when he took over Rome, it was a brick city, but he transformed it into a marble city during his reign.

Q5. What is the link between Rome and Arikamedu?

Ans. Throughout their histories, the commerce and artefacts that Rome and Arikamedu engaged in provide evidence of the two places' connections.

raja
Updated on 13-Oct-2022 11:19:47
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