Appendicitis - Formation, Symptoms, Treatment


Appendicitis is a biological word for a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed. It is a sac-like organ located next to the point where the big and small intestines converge in the human digestive tract. The modern human digestive system does not currently require the use of this organ. When the inflammation is not controlled in a timely manner, this organ inflates, resulting in pain, discomfort, and infection.

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With a mean age of 28, appendicitis most frequently affects people between the ages of 5 and 45. 233 incidents per 100,000 individuals roughly represent the incidence. Acute appendicitis is more likely to occur in men than in women over the course of a lifetime, with incidence rates for each gender being 8.6% and 6.7%, respectively. Approximately 300,000 hospital admissions for appendicitis-related conditions occur yearly in the United States. In the USA alone, there have been more than 250,000 cases reported.

Causes of Appendicitis

Appendicitis can develop for a variety of reasons.

The potential causes of this disease's development are listed below −

  • Damage or harm to the abdomen.

  • Obstruction at the point where the appendix and intestines converge.

  • Intestinal infection.

  • Inflammation of the colon.

  • Inside-the-appendix growths


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Let's describe the symptoms and learn how a patient might recognize this condition and get help.

  • A sudden lower abdominal ache starts on the right side.

  • Unexpected soreness that often radiates to your lower right abdomen from the area around your navel

  • Pain that gets worse when you cough, move jarringly, or in other ways

  • Nausea and diarrhoea

  • Reduced appetite

  • Low-grade fever that could get worse when the disease gets worse

  • Bloating or diarrhoea

  • Stomach bloating

  • Flatulence


Surgery to remove the inflamed appendix is typically part of the therapy for appendicitis. You might receive an antibiotic dose before surgery to treat an infection.

  • Having the appendix surgically removed (appendectomy) − A single abdominal incision measuring between 2 and 4 inches (5 and 10 cm) long can be used to perform an appendectomy as an open procedure (laparotomy). Alternatively, a few tiny abdominal incisions could be used to perform the procedure (laparoscopic surgery). The appendix is removed during a laparoscopic appendectomy by the surgeon using specialized surgical instruments and a camera inserted into your abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery, in general, enables you to heal more quickly and with fewer pain and scars. For older adults and obese persons, it might be better.

  • Removing an infection prior to appendix surgery − If an abscess has developed around your ruptured appendix and needs to be drained, a tube can be inserted through your skin and into the abscess. After the infection has been controlled for a few weeks, an appendectomy can be done.

  • A way of life and DIY remedies −After an appendectomy, you should expect to recover for a few weeks, or longer if your appendix burst. To aid your body's recovery.

  • Start out by avoiding heavy exertion − For three to five days, minimize your activities if your appendectomy was performed laparoscopically. For 10 to 14 days, you should avoid strenuous activities if you underwent an open appendectomy. Always ask your doctor about activity restrictions and when you may get back to your regular routine after surgery.

  • When you cough, keep your abdomen supported − Before you cough, laugh, or move, place a cushion over your abdomen and apply pressure to help with pain relief.

  • In the event that your painkillers aren't working, contact your doctor Your body experiences additional stress when you're in pain, which slows the healing process. Call your doctor if you're still experiencing pain despite taking painkillers.

  • When you're ready, stand up and leave − As you feel capable, gradually increase your activities. Start with quick strolls.

  • When you are sleepy − You may experience more sleepiness than usual as your body repairs. Relax and take a nap when you need to.

    Consult your doctor about starting back at work or school. When you are ready, you can go back to work. After surgery, kids might be able to go back to school in less than a week. Prior to starting any hard exercise again, such as gym classes or sports, they should wait two to four weeks.

  • Substitute medical care − After your appendectomy, your doctor will prescribe medicine to help you manage your pain. When combined with your prescriptions, several complementary and alternative treatments can aid with pain management. Consult your physician about secure options, such as −

    Distracting activities that help you forget about your pain, such as listening to music and chatting with friends. With kids, distraction can be especially useful.


If you see even the smallest signs of appendicitis, it is imperative that you see a doctor. This is an illness that has the potential to quickly develop into an emergency. Therefore, it is essential to identify this critical problem quickly and provide the necessary care.


Q1. What effects do having an appendectomy have in the long run?

Ans: An appendectomy doesn't have any long-term side effects. After the procedure, you have two to six weeks to return to work. To maintain excellent health, it is crucial to lead a healthy lifestyle.

Q2. Is appendicitis only treated surgically?

Ans: No, antibiotics and painkillers can be used to treat mild appendicitis. To avoid further problems and infections, patients with acute appendicitis require surgical removal of the appendix.

Q3. Which illnesses have symptoms resembling those of appendicitis?

Ans: Some disorders that resemble appendicitis include Meckel's diverticulitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), inflammatory diseases of the right upper abdomen, right-sided diverticulitis, kidney ailments, and ectopic pregnancy.

Q4. What is the main factor that causes appendicitis to develop?

Ans: The most frequent reason for appendicitis, according to our definition, is an obstruction of the appendicular lumen, which is responsible for storing mucosal fluid. If this fluid is blocked for an extended period of time, the sac will swell and subsequently develop appendicitis.

Q5. How do I avoid getting appendicitis?

Ans: Appendicitis cannot be prevented with certainty. A high-fibre diet containing a lot of whole grains, fresh fruits, and vegetables may be beneficial.

Q6. The Appendix is a Vestigial Organ for what reason?

Ans: Since the appendix's functions are still unknown, it is regarded as a vestigial organ. In the modern human gut anatomy, it serves absolutely no purpose.

Updated on: 04-Jan-2023


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