Alfred Adler: As a Phycologist

Alfred Adler was an Austrian doctor and therapist. He is profoundly regarded for his commitment to analysis and establishing the way of thinking known as individual brain research. Adler underscored what social elements and innate sensations of inadequacy might mean for character advancement.

Alfred Adler’s Life History

As a kid, Adler was a debilitated child. He developed rickets early in life, keeping him from strolling until age four. One of his earliest recollections was perched on a seat swathed up due to his rickets while his sound, athletic, more established sibling sat opposite him. His sibling Sigmund could run about and play easily; however, any development was a strain for Adler. Adler was desirous of Sigmund, and the contention between the two endured very much into Adler's young adult years.

Alfred Adler is regarded as the first community psychologist. Adlerian psychology, also known as individual psychology, was decades ahead of its time and was based on social welfare, social justice, equality, and the quality of education. Its resonance is just as strong today as it was when Adler started articulating his ideas at the turn of the 20th century.

On May 28, 1937, while in Aberdeen, Scotland, for a speaking engagement, Adler passed away from a heart attack. He was 67 years old when this happened. Although his ashes were burned at the Warriston Crematorium in Edinburgh, his family never picked up the remains. Seventy-four years later, in 2011, they were rediscovered and brought back to Vienna for burial. Kurt and Alexandra Adler, two of Adler's children, continued his legacy by working as licensed psychotherapists.

Background in Education and Employment

Adler enrolled in secondary school at nine but struggled hugely in the beginning. His math instructor advised him to drop out and pursue a trade. This teacher believed that Adler was only suitable to work as an apprentice shoemaker. Adler's father opposed, and over time, grit and dedication, he went from being at the bottom of the class to the top.

After graduating from high school in 1888, Adler immediately started his studies for a medical degree. He enrolled at Vienna University, where he earned his degree in 1895. He served in the military for a year before returning to the university. Adler frequently went to political gatherings as an undergraduate focused on the growth of socialism.

Adler began specializing in ophthalmology after earning his medical degree before transitioning to general practice. His ongoing interest in social change and socialism led to publishing his first professional work, an emotional social-medicine article on the impact of working circumstances on tailors' health.

Adler ultimately became interested in psychiatry because he believed it was vital to comprehend the physical, social, and psychological processes underlying his patients' problems. He was interested in Sigmund Freud's theories and had the guts to stand up to the theory's numerous detractors. Freud personally invited Adler to join his once-a-week discussion group in 1902; this group would subsequently become known as the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Adler was a single

Adler was indeed Freud's collaborator and had a strong opinion of his own, even though some sources refer to him as one of his disciples. On specific topics, he agreed with Freud but not on others. He attacked Freud, for instance, for placing too much emphasis on sexuality. Freud named Adler president of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society to reconcile their disagreements in 1910. Freud's attempt to bridge the gap between the two stout-willed thinkers failed; by the following year, it was too late. Adler left his positions as editor of the society's magazine and president of the organization.

Adlerian Therapy

Individual Psychology, Adler, the 1920 book by Andre Tridon, provides a concise and straightforward explanation of Alfred Adler's beliefs and information on his main areas of dispute with Sigmund Freud. By clicking the following link, you may read this fantastic article.

One of the fundamental principles of Adlerian treatment is that a client's sense of "fitting in" with their neighbourhood and society must be considered while examining individual behavior. In certain circumstances, this extends to birth order and how a person's place in the family influences their personality development and how they interact with others in the future. Adlerian therapists frequently work in educational institutions, including schools, hospitals, clinics, businesses, and other public spaces, to foster community and respect among all students. These therapists focus on helping clients who want encouragement and positive, future-focused counselling the most.

Any psychological condition or mental illness can be successfully treated using evidence-based Adlerian therapy. When it best serves the requirements of the patients, Adlerian therapy may be combined with other therapeutic modalities such as play therapy, art therapy, and culturally sensitive counselling. An Adlerian method can be used with children, teenagers, adults, single people, couples, families, or other groups.


Starting life as a weak and neglected child, Adler soon overcame his inferiority and became one of the most studious students. He proposed the theory of personality and developed Adlerian therapy to treat people suffering from psychic disorders through his tireless efforts. Because of his valuable work in the field of psychology, the world knows him and the researchers, therapists, and other scholars of psychology study his theory and also use his treatment method. In addition to this, different professions use Adlerian concepts in their work, including medicine, nursing, education, and counselling.


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Updated on: 13-Oct-2022


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