Adaptation to Dangers from Humans

Many animals have adapted in various ways to the dangers presented by people. One method is to increase camouflage in their environments, as some birds and insects have adapted to imitate their settings. Other creatures like raccoons and pigeons have evolved to live in cities. Some animals have also learned to avoid people by becoming nocturnal, while others have learned to recognize and avoid humans and their actions. Many animals have become nocturnal to escape human activities during the day. This enables them to forage for food and other tasks in the dark.

What are Adaptations to Dangers from Humans?

It can be understood through the following sub-headings −

  • Wariness − Some creatures have become more cautious of people, which has helped them escape peril. Some animals, for example, have learned to recognize the sound of gunfire and will flee if they hear them.

  • Living in Cities − Some animals have adapted to living in cities, where they can obtain sustenance and refuge. Raccoons and birds, for example, have acclimated well to city life.

  • Dietary Changes − Some creatures have evolved to consume human food, such as garbage, rather than their native nutrition. This can harm their health, but it enables them to live where their native food sources have been killed.

  • Camouflage − Some animals have evolved to blend in with their surroundings to escape being noticed by people. Some lizards and frogs, for example, can alter their colour to fit their environment.

Overall, while these adaptations may allow animals to survive in the short term, they can have long-term adverse effects on their health and survival.

What Shapes this Adaptation?

Adaptations to dangers from humans are shaped by a variety of factors, including −

  • Evolution − Many adaptations are the result of evolutionary processes. Over time, animals that are better able to avoid or survive encounters with humans are more likely to pass on their genes to future generations. This can result in the developing of new traits that help animals adapt to human threats.

  • Habitat Destruction − As humans destroy natural habitats, animals are forced to adapt to new environments, including urban areas and agricultural landscapes. This can lead to changes in behaviour, diet, and other adaptations.

  • Hunting and Trapping − Animals hunted or trapped by humans may develop behaviours that help them avoid detection or capture. For example, some animals may become more nocturnal or learn to recognize the sound of human footsteps.

  • Pollution and Climate Change − Pollution and climate change can affect animal populations, including changes in diet, habitat availability, and exposure to toxins. Animals may adapt to these changes by changing their behaviour or diet or developing new physical or physiological adaptations.

Overall, the adaptations that animals develop in response to human threats are shaped by a complex interplay of environmental, genetic, and behavioural factors.

Why These Adaptations Emerge: Sources of Conflict

It is essential to investigate the adaptive issues that contribute to the conflict to determine which people are most likely to conflict with one another. It is feasible to anticipate the probable spectrum of strategies developed to acquire and control a contested resource based on its scarcity and fitness value.

Conflict over Status

Conflict over status is frequently linked to the distribution of resources and chances in a community. Individuals or groups with a better social or economic standing have greater access to resources such as wealth, schooling, and employment in many societies. This may cause friction and conflict with those who do not have as much access to these tools.

For example, many nations have substantial salary and wealth inequalities between social and economic categories. Disparities in access to employment, housing, and other resources can contribute to strife. People with better societal or economic standing may have greater access to these tools, whereas those with lesser status may have difficulty accessing them.

Similarly, conflicts over status can arise from discrimination or unequal treatment based on race, gender, or class. This can include overt forms of discrimination, such as discriminatory laws or policies, and more subtle forms of bias or prejudice. These forms of discrimination can create barriers to equal access to resources and opportunities, leading to conflicts over status.

Conflict over Material Resources

Conflict over material resources occurs when individuals or groups compete to access resources such as food, water, property, or minerals. People may compete or battle over restricted or scarce resources. This can occur at both the local and global levels, and it can involve a variety of actors, including people, groups, businesses, and even nations.

For example, there are disputes over water supplies in many areas of the globe. Water is scarce in some areas, and various groups may fight to access restricted supplies. This can lead to conflict between various groups, such as farmers and herders, who require water for their crops or animals.

Similarly, Conflicts over land resources can occur when various organizations have conflicting claims to the same territory. This can occur when land is regarded as necessary because of its natural resources, such as forests, minerals, or oil deposits, or when land is required for homes or other structures.

Conflict over Mating Resources

Conflict over mating resources refers to disagreements or confrontations between people or organizations regarding access to prospective partners. Individuals in many species fight with one another to entice mates and reproduce. This rivalry can manifest itself in various ways, including displays of power, aggression, or providing resources to prospective partners.

Conflicts over mating resources can occur in people due to several variables, such as differences in societal standing, physical attractiveness, or access to resources. For example, individuals perceived to be more attractive or successful may have greater access to prospective mates, leading to rivalry and conflict among less successful people.

Conflicts over mating resources can sometimes rise to gender-based violence, such as sexual harassment or attack. These types of violence, which can be used to exert power or control over prospective mates, can have severe psychological and bodily consequences for the victims. Conflicts over mating resources necessitate various strategies, including gender equity policies, education programmes encouraging healthy relationships and regard for others, and legal frameworks safeguarding people from aggression or harassment.


In conclusion, conflicts can arise over various resources, including status, material resources, and mating resources. These conflicts can significantly impact individuals and communities, leading to social inequality, poverty, and violence. Addressing these conflicts requires systemic changes to promote greater equality and social justice, as well as policies and programs that promote equitable access to resources and respect for others.

Updated on: 19-Apr-2023


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