ACT Model: Meaning And Application

It is the Intellectual practices and reassurance techniques belonging to the extension of behavioral explorations. This is based on observational data rather than pure logic or concepts, which helps in the intervention of psychology using acceptance and mindful techniques to relate to different behavior and psychic changes.

Explaining ACT Model

This ACT model is used to analyze various behavior changes that ultimately result in improving mental flexibility. Conceptual flexibility means being present in the current event, avoiding upsetting thoughts, unpleasant memories, bodily changes, etc., just like non-physical moldability; we also have psychological inflexibility, which is contrary to that of flexibility, as it denotes the inability to cope with the current situations. As per recent events, it has become quite common to fall into psychical inflexibility due to vast stress and uncertainty, leading to deviation from one's core values and causing inaction. Brain inflexibility is conclusively derived from the processes mentioned below.

Forms of ACT Model

ACT is born from the behavioral school of sciences. This behavioral cure is divided into three generations:

  • Traditional behaviorism
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Factors approach behavior

ACT models create a workable and positive set of inner flexibility. It is not a specific set of experiments or a specific protocol. ACT takes the view that it tries to change counterproductive or difficult thoughts in a subtractive or eliminative way.

Process of ACT Model

It includes

  • Focusing on the current moment − Think of a time when one is caught up in an over-anatomy of one's thoughts related to anything like one's bodily issues, and these views keep repeating in one's mind, making of inactive and unproductive. The problem arises when a person is unable to comprehend the present conditions. In this situation, take a deep breath and focus on the present moments. ACT therapists help clients build their uniqueness through a series of mindful exercises.
  • Defusion − At an infinite rate, millions of thoughts cross our minds daily, sometimes, they are pleasant, and sometimes they are not. It is advisable to categorize these thoughts as "useful or pleasant" and "avoidable or unpleasant ."Then take a deep breath and overlook these thoughts, and do not buy what avoidable thoughts have to offer.

    Acceptance − Some impressions of concern (like career and family) and fears are unavoidable today. Our priority is to avoid these thoughts. By trying to control stressful thoughts, one loses grip on the behavior. ACT opens the door to accepting these unavoidable thoughts and committing to actions that yield positive results. Opening to and accepting our fears, then analyzing what is presently in our control to turn the tables.

    Values − Everyone in this world is living their life to achieve comfort for themselves and their families; in doing so, many deviate from merit and seize to be decent and kind. "Without morals, we live among animals, so abide by one's ."Many people confuse Goals with values, but in reality, values differ from goals as, after some time, goals are achieved and terminated or finite. However, on the other hand, values are always ongoing and infinite. Values define the life of a human being, and so they are very difficult to adhere to, but those who stick to their values excel in life.

    Self-as-surrounding − Since the virus of stress and uncertainty is unavoidable, the self-as-context/surrounding t process teaches us to distinguish that we are just experiencing worry and the sensation of anxiety. In actuality, we are not worried. Overcoming such thoughts means keeping them at the back of one's mind and focusing on the running events without hesitation is the true purpose of such a process.

    Committed Actions − ACT helps in dedicating to one's actions which leads to prospering one's life and achieving long-term and short-term goals without deviating from one's values. Focusing on small worries (like groceries, bills, etc.) comes one's way of achieving one's goals and adhering to actions. Thus, take decisions confidently and systematically to align oneself with the values and devotion towards actions. Continuity in actions in going through the ACT processes is also an example of perseverance. These six cognitive flexibility processes are interrelated on many levels and can be extended socially.

    Benefits of the ACT Model

    • ACT will be helpful in the case of people dealing with abuse issues and has been used in dealing with psychotic ideation. In some cases, psychiatric patients given ACT have shown improved behavioral symptoms and reduced hallucinations-related distress.
    • ACT has been proposed for trauma works. Also, patients dealing with posttraumatic distress have shown desired responses in accepting the feelings, and those unable to accept internal face struggles.
    • ACT is helpful for social workers dealing with survivors of childhood abuse. Cognition and emotions generated by this can be subjected to positive alterations with the help of ACT methods.
    • ACT has shown remarkable improvement when dealing with comparatively more intimacy-related issues between couples and families, and studies showed that assumption strategies improved traditional behavior. Acceptance is not about approving a partner's behavior but about letting go of the struggle to change the other person.
    • Three ways where ACT has produced remarkable results involve intimacy issues, generating integration, and generating change.


    Nowadays, the need for such methods has increased remarkably as we can observe the toxins and instability (mental) with which people are living and carrying out their day-to-day tasks. Dynamic approaches in this field suggest that a change in attitude is a behavior change. This approach suggests that psychopathology results from the avoidance of negative thoughts. ACT highlights how language bounds into the attempts to wage war against own cerebral thoughts. As ACT is a very dynamic, evidence-supported, and exciting method, it can be used widely in present scenarios.

Updated on: 09-Dec-2022


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