- Trending Categories
- Data Structure
- Operating System
- MS Excel
- C Programming
- Social Studies
- Fashion Studies
- Legal Studies
- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who
a) What Is Puberty? (b) Describe in Brief the Functions of the Following Parts in The Human Male Reproductive System: (i) Testes (ii) Seminal Vesicle (iii) Vas Deferens (iv) Urethra (c) Why Are Testes Located Outside the Abdominal Cavity? (d) State How Sperms Move Towards the Female Germ Cell.
(a) What is Puberty?
Puberty is a period of significant physical, emotional, and psychological changes that occur in an individual's life during their teenage years. It is a crucial period of transition from childhood to adulthood, and it marks the onset of sexual maturation. It is a natural and gradual process that varies in timing and duration between individuals.
During puberty, the body undergoes several changes such as the growth of body hair, the development of breasts and testes, and the increase in height and weight. These changes are driven by the hormones that are released by the pituitary gland, which stimulate the production of sex hormones such as testosterone and oestrogen.
The onset of puberty in girls usually occurs between the ages of 8 and 13, whereas in boys, it begins between the ages of 9 and 14. The duration of puberty can range from 2 to 5 years, and it typically ends by the age of 18.
Puberty can be a challenging period for teenagers as they navigate through a range of emotional and psychological changes. It is essential to provide them with the necessary support and guidance during this period to help them cope with these changes effectively.
(b) Functions of the Male Reproductive System Parts
The male reproductive system comprises several organs that work together to produce and transport semen, which contains sperm, the male reproductive cells. The main parts of the male reproductive system include the testes, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and urethra.
The testes are the primary male reproductive organs that produce and store sperm. They are located in the scrotum, a sac that hangs outside the body, below the penis. The scrotum helps to regulate the temperature of the testes, which is essential for sperm production. The testes are also responsible for producing testosterone, the male sex hormone that is responsible for the development of male characteristics such as body hair, deep voice, and muscle growth.
The seminal vesicles are glands that secrete a fluid that makes up a significant portion of semen. This fluid provides energy and nutrients for the sperm and helps to protect them from the acidic environment of the female reproductive tract. The fluid also contains substances that help to activate and motility of the sperm.
The vas deferens is a muscular tube that transports sperm from the testes to the seminal vesicles, where it mixes with the fluid to form semen. The vas deferens also helps to propel the semen out of the body during ejaculation.
The urethra is a tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis. During ejaculation, the muscles of the urethra contract to propel the semen out of the body.
(c) Why are Testes Located Outside the Abdominal Cavity?
The testes are located outside the abdominal cavity because the optimal temperature for sperm production is slightly lower than the body temperature. The scrotum, which is the sac that contains the testes, is designed to keep the testes at a temperature that is 2-3 degrees Celsius lower than the body temperature. This temperature is necessary for the proper development of sperm.
If the testes were located inside the abdominal cavity, they would be exposed to the higher body temperature, which would interfere with the process of sperm production. Therefore, the testes are located outside the abdominal cavity to ensure that they are at the ideal temperature for sperm production.
(d) How Do Sperms Move Towards the Female Germ Cell?
Sperm movement towards the female germ cell is a complex process that involves several steps. Once the sperm is released from the male body during ejaculation, it travels through the female reproductive tract towards the egg cell.
The first step in this process is the capacitation of the sperm. This occurs when the sperm comes into contact with the fluids in the female reproductive tract, which removes certain proteins from the surface of the sperm. This process helps to activate the sperm and makes it more capable of fertilizing the egg.
Next, the sperm moves through the cervix and into the uterus. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina, and it is usually closed except during ovulation when it opens to allow the sperm to enter.
Once the sperm enters the uterus, it must navigate its way through the fallopian tubes to reach the egg cell. The fallopian tubes are lined with tiny hairs called cilia, which help to move the egg towards the uterus. The sperm also uses these cilia to help propel itself towards the egg.
When the sperm reaches the egg, it must penetrate the outer layer of the egg to fertilize it. This process is facilitated by enzymes on the surface of the sperm that break down the outer layer of the egg.
Once the sperm penetrates the egg, the nuclei of the sperm and egg fuse together to form a zygote, which is the first cell of a new organism. The zygote then begins to divide and multiply, eventually developing into an embryo.
In conclusion, puberty is a critical period of transition from childhood to adulthood, marked by significant physical, emotional, and psychological changes. The male reproductive system plays a crucial role in producing and transporting sperm, which is necessary for fertilization and reproduction.
The testes are located outside the abdominal cavity to ensure that they are at the ideal temperature for sperm production. The process of sperm movement towards the female germ cell is a complex process that involves several steps, including capacitation, navigation through the female reproductive tract, and fertilization of the egg.
Kickstart Your Career
Get certified by completing the courseGet Started