SAP stands for Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing. As the name suggests, it is an application used for data processing like ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning).
The SAP is mainly used in business that consists of different independent modules (Financial, Administrative, Sales & Distribution, Production Planning, Customer Relationship Management, Material Management) which are integrated for business management. SAP manage all resources of an organization in a very effective way and make a plan how to get maximum utilization of resources (Materials, Manpower, Money, and Services).
SAP ERP system gives a centralized access control to the database/modules that run in any organization in the form of ERP. A module in SAP depends upon the type of business e.g.: in product manufacturing industry modules are Material Management, Quality Control Management, Inventory Management, etc. In the educational institute, modules are Student Academic record management, personal record of students, marks and attendance record, fees management etc.